The Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues (Bioethics Commission) has posted to Bioethics.gov a new series of educational modules on compensation for research-related injury. The materials on compensation increase the breadth of topics the Bioethics Commission’s educational resources cover; previous topics include community engagement, informed consent, and vulnerable populations. The new series includes a background module and two modules specific to Bioethics Commission reports: Moral Science: Protecting Participants in Human Subjects Research and Safeguarding Children: Pediatric Medical Countermeasure Research.
The “Compensation Background” module describes the goals of compensating individuals for research-related injury; provides ethical justification for compensation; discusses practical considerations, including informed consent and cost and feasibility; presents past U.S. historical context and advisory committee recommendations on compensation; and identifies current U.S. and international approaches to compensation. The module presents various models of compensation including insurance, personal insurance, specialty courts, and compensation funds.
The “Compensation in Moral Science: Protecting Participants in Human Subjects Research” module presents the Bioethics Commission’s examination of treatment and compensation for research-related injury. The module explains the ethical principles that support, and addresses challenges associated with, providing treatment or compensation for research-related injuries. The module describes international requirements and guidance concerning treatment or compensation for research-related injury; leads instructors through different models for compensating participants for research-related injuries and some of the strengths and weaknesses of each; and addresses the difference between compensation for research-related injury and reparations for past unethical research.
The “Compensation in Safeguarding Children: Pediatric Medical Countermeasure Research” module focuses on compensation for research-related injury in the context of pediatric medical countermeasure (MCM) research. The module outlines the ethical principles that support providing treatment or compensation for research-related injuries that arise from pediatric MCM research; describes the different arguments for treating or compensating injured adults and injured pediatric research participants; and addresses the various ways injured pediatric MCM research participants can seek treatment or compensation and the strengths and limitations of these approaches.
All of the learning modules are based on ethical questions addressed by the Bioethics Commission and provide instructors with foundational information, ethical analysis, discussion questions, problem-based learning scenarios, exercises, and additional resources to support ethics education and the integration of bioethical analysis into coursework across disciplines.