This graphic is my repeat presentation to this thread. It first appeared here 5 years ago as the graphic on Volume 56 of “Patient Modesty”. (Photograph from U.C.L.A. library website obtained through Google Images. )
Now that we are focusing on patient dignity, it would be of interest to compare dignity vs modesty as applied to a patient fully asleep under anesthesia within the operating room.
Might I suggest that modesty is no longer a matter of ethical concern when the patients body is uncovered but the issue becomes the preservation of dignity. Modesty requires awareness . Anyone want to discuss this conclusion related to the unconscious but exposed patient? ..Maurice.