Although the neoconservative movement has come to dominate American
conservatism, this movement has its origins in the old Marxist Left.
Communists in their younger days, as the founders of neoconservatism,
inverted Marxist doctrine by arguing that moral values and not economic
forces were the primary movers of history. Yet the neoconservative
critique of biotechnology still borrows heavily from Karl Marx and owes
more to the German philosopher Martin Heidegger than to the Scottish
philosopher and political economist Adam Smith. Loath to identify these
sources – or perhaps unaware of them – neoconservatives do not
acknowledge these intellectual underpinnings or their implications.
Thus, in the final analysis, their critique is incoherent and even
internally inconsistent. By not acknowledging and embracing their
intellectual roots, neoconservatives are left with a deeply ambivalent
and often confused view of biotechnology and the society that gives
rise to it.