AJOB Primary Research.

Does experience matter? Implications for community consultation for research in emergency settings

Background: Community consultation (CC) is required for research in emergency settings using an exception from informed consent (EFIC) in the United States, but uncertainty persists regarding best CC practices. There is ongoing debate about whom to include in CC, specifically, whether to prioritize geographically defined communities or individuals with connections to the condition. Understanding the impact of personal disease experience on views of EFIC research is important for designing CC and interpreting its results. Methods: This study was a secondary analysis of surveys administered to 2612 participants at 12 sites in CC events conducted for ProTECT III: Progesterone for Traumatic Brain Injury, a Phase III, randomized trial conducted using EFIC. Key survey domains included personal traumatic brain injury (TBI) experience, demographic information, and acceptance of both hypothetical personal enrollment under EFIC and the use of EFIC in general in ProTECT III. Descriptive statistics and multivariable regression models were used to explore relationships between key domains. Results: TBI patients, those with family members/loved ones with TBI, and those who knew someone else with TBI were slightly more accepting of hypothetical personal enrollment under EFIC (adjusted odds ratio [OR] 1.14 [0.78–1.67], 1.54 [1.17–2.02], and 1.51 [1.19–1.92], respectively) and use of EFIC in general (adjusted OR 1.17 [0.83–1.64], 1.39 [1.08–1.77], and 1.06 [0.86–1.31], respectively) than those without this. In a subgroup analysis based on race, white participants with any disease experience had higher levels of acceptance of EFIC, as expected. However, there was numerically lower acceptance of personal and general EFIC enrollment among black participants with closer TBI connections. Conclusions: Personal TBI experience was associated with increased acceptance of EFIC research for that condition, except among black participants. Heterogeneity of the effect of personal disease experience on EFIC views further supports inclusion of individuals with relevant disease experience in CC and highlights the importance of engaging minority participants.

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Volume 8, Issue 2
April 2017

Target Articles.

Qualitative study of participants' perceptions and preferences regarding research dissemination Rachel S. Purvis, Traci H. Abraham, Christopher R. Long, M. Kathryn Stewart, T. Scott Warmack & Pearl Anna McElfish
Does experience matter? Implications for community consultation for research in emergency settings Victoria M. Scicluna, Mohammed K. Ali, Rebecca D. Pentz, David W. Wright & Neal W. Dickert
When bins blur: Patient perspectives on categories of results from clinical whole genome sequencing Leila Jamal, Jill O. Robinson, Kurt D. Christensen, Jennifer Blumenthal-Barby, Melody J. Slashinski, Denise Lautenbach Perry, Jason L. Vassy, Julia Wycliff, Robert C. Green & Amy L. McGuire
Primary care physicians' views about gatekeeping in clinical research recruitment: A qualitative study Marilys Guillemin, Rosalind McDougall, Dominique Martin, Nina Hallowell, Alison Brookes & Lynn Gillam
Adolescent oncofertility discussions: Recommendations from a systematic literature review Dorit Barlevy, Bernice S. Elger, Tenzin Wangmo & Vardit Ravitsky
The interactions of Canadian ethics consultants with health care managers and governing boards during times of crisis Chris Kaposy, Victor Maddalena, Fern Brunger, Daryl Pullman & Richard Singleton