Donation after cardiac death (DCD) is associated with many problems, including ischemic injury, high rates of delayed allograft function, and frequent organ discard. Furthermore, many potential DCD donors fail to progress to asystole in a manner that would enable safe organ transplantation and no organs are recovered. DCD protocols are based upon the principle that the donor must be declared dead prior to organ recovery. A new protocol is proposed whereby after a donor family agrees to withdrawal of life-sustaining treatments, premortem nephrectomy is performed in advance of end-of-life management. Since nephrectomy should not cause the donor’s death, this approach satisfies the dead donor rule. The donor family’s wishes are best met by organ donation, successful outcomes for the recipients, and a dignified death for the deceased. This proposal improves the likelihood of achieving these objectives.
Open Peer Commentaries.
- In Defense of Morrisey's Strategy
- Going All the Way: Ethical Clarity and Ethical Progress
- Could Premortem Organ Retrieval Be Lawful?
- Organ Donation Prior to Death-Balancing Benefits and Harms
- Avoiding Violation of the Dead Donor Rule: The Costs to Patients
- Antemortem Donor Bilateral Nephrectomy: A Violation of the Patient's Best Interest Standard