Blog RSS Blog.

Author Archive: Blog Editor

10/18/2018

ASBH Lifetime Achievement Award-Jonathan Moreno

The following post is the speech that Jonathan Moreno is giving upon acceptance of his award. This text is being released simultaneously with his speech in Anaheim. 

Today I want to spend a few minutes talking about the importance of current geopolitical events for the future of what I will call modern bioethics, a field that became self-conscious in the late 1960s.  But its roots can be found 25 years earlier, in a variety of institutions and mechanisms created following World War II, which political scientists sometimes call the international liberal order.

The deep relationship between modern bioethics and the liberal order, the global system of the rule of law and the organizations created to implement the rule of law since World War II, is not widely appreciated.…

Full Article

This entry was posted in Featured Posts, Global Ethics, Politics. Posted by Blog Editor. Bookmark the permalink.

10/16/2018

Sunset on the RAC: When is it time to end special oversight of an emerging biotechnology?

by Jeffrey P. Kahn, Ph.D., M.P.H. and Anna C. Mastroianni, J.D., M.P.H.

National Institutes of Health Director (NIH) Francis S. Collins and Food and Drug Administration Commissioner Scott Gottlieb recently co-authoreda New England Journal of Medicinecommentary suggesting that special oversight of gene transfer research in humans was no longer necessary. Their views followed on the 2014 recommendations of an Institute of Medicine (IOM) consensus committee, and are reflected in proposed policy changes recently made available for public comment. If implemented, those changes would mark a significant departure from the over 40 years of special national safety and ethics oversight of so-called gene therapy research through the Recombinant DNA Advisory Committee (RAC).…

Full Article

10/05/2018

Crowdsourcing: A New Resource for Advanced Training in Bioethics

by Lindsay Zausmer Feuerman, BA and Amy McGuire JD, Ph.D.1

An increasing number of universities offer undergraduate courses and even majors in the fields of bioethics and medical humanities. Yet, for students wanting to pursue advanced degrees in these fields, it is often difficult to know which educational program is best for them. In the absence of an accrediting agency for the field, it can be challenging to track and directly compare the various degree-granting programs. The Association of Bioethics Program Directors (ABPD) believes it is uniquely positioned to help address this.

ABPD represents the leadership of over 70 academic bioethics programs across North America.…

Full Article

This entry was posted in Clinical Ethics, Education, Featured Posts. Posted by Blog Editor. Bookmark the permalink.

09/21/2018

We Convey More Than We (Literally) Say

by Jason N. Batten, Bonnie O. Wong, William F. Hanks & David Magnus

This issue of the American Journal of Bioethics features a target article by Blumenthal-Barby and Ubel that focuses on patients who are unrealistically optimistic, in denial, or self-deceived. In his excellent commentary, Weinfurt points us toward a particular branch of communication theory—pragmatics—as a fruitful way of evaluating statements made by these patients. He and several other bioethicists have contributed to a small but growing literature applying pragmatics to physician–patient communication, research ethics, and our interpretation of empirical bioethics studies. We believe that pragmatics has the potential to transform how we hear and understand day-to-day communication with patients and their families.…

Full Article

This entry was posted in Clinical Ethics, Decision making, Editorial-AJOB, Featured Posts and tagged . Posted by Blog Editor. Bookmark the permalink.

09/19/2018

Silence versus Bearing Witness: Response to Alan Stone

by Bandy X. Lee, MD, MDiv

Earlier this year, I was delighted to discover that Dr. Alan Stone had written a review of the book I edited: The Dangerous Case of Donald Trump: 27 Psychiatrists and Mental Health Experts Assess a President, for the blog Lawfare. Most outside of psychiatry will not have heard of Dr. Stone, but he is a well-respected figure among psychiatrists who practice at the intersections of law and ethics, such as myself.  I was delighted not because I was anticipating a positive review, but because I hoped that a rigorous discussion without misrepresentation would break open the myopia of my field.…

Full Article

This entry was posted in Featured Posts, Politics, professional ethics, Psychiatric Ethics. Posted by Blog Editor. Bookmark the permalink.

07/25/2018

On Gender and Reproductive Decision-Making in Uterine Transplantation

This post is shared from the July 2018 issue of the American Journal of Bioethics

by Hilary Mabel, Ruth M. Farrell & Andreas G. Tzakis

In this issue of the American Journal of Bioethics, Bruno and Arora’s Target Article and the Open Peer Commentaries thereto contribute to the ongoing discourse regarding ethical issues in uterine transplantation. We welcome these insights, many of which sit in dialogue with existing work and others of which represent new considerations in uterine transplantation. We are co-investigators on the uterine transplantation research protocol at Cleveland Clinic. Our protocol uses a deceased donor model, and two of us (HM and RF) contribute to the protocol solely in an ethics capacity.…

Full Article

This entry was posted in Editorial-AJOB, Featured Posts, Reproductive Ethics and tagged . Posted by Blog Editor. Bookmark the permalink.

06/22/2018

A Tribute to Professor H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr., PhD., MD (1941-2018)

by Ana S. Iltis, PhD and Mark J. Cherry, PhD

Tristram Engelhardt, Jr., PhD, MD, one of the intellectual founders of the fields of bioethics and the philosophy of medicine, whose seminal work continues to frame debates about healthcare policy and medical practice, fell asleep in the Lord on June 21, 2018 in Houston, Texas.

He was Professor of History and Philosophy of Medicine at Rice University and Professor Emeritus at Baylor College of Medicine. He died of complications due to cancer. He was 77 years old.

Once described as the enfant terribleof bioethics, Professor Engelhardt challenged Western secular liberal moral and political assumptions which, he argued, could not be secured through reason alone, and frequently cause more harm than benefit.…

Full Article

This entry was posted in Featured Posts, In Memoriam and tagged . Posted by Blog Editor. Bookmark the permalink.

06/04/2018

Outsider/Insider

This post also appears as an editorial in the June 2018 issue of The American Journal of Bioethics.

by Albert R. Jonsen

The editors of The American Journal of Bioethics chose well when they invited me to write a preface for this issue devoted to the Insider/Outsider problem in bioethics: I am the original and perpetual insider/outsider in the field. My entry into medical education, in 1972, was marked by an argument over my title: should I be designated Professor of Medical Ethics, as the Dean of University of California School of Medicine wished? A very senior faculty member objected, saying that the title was inappropriate since I did not do anything medical.…

Full Article

This entry was posted in Clinical Ethics, Editorial-AJOB, Featured Posts. Posted by Blog Editor. Bookmark the permalink.

06/04/2018

“Natural” Talents and Dedication—Meanings and Values in Sport

This post also appears as an editorial in the June 2018 issue of The American Journal of Bioethics.

by Thomas H. Murray, Ph.D.

“Good ethics begins with good facts” is a mantra I learned in my early years at The Hastings Center. The relevant facts include, of course, scientific and medical ones. But just as important are the forces that shape perceptions, motivations, and outcomes. The importance of understanding those factors—call them grounded realities—soon became clear in my first major research assignment: the ethics of performance enhancing drug use in sport.

The bioethics literature circa 1980 led me to expect to find athletes struggling against the unjustified paternalistic restraints of anti-doping zealots.…

Full Article

This entry was posted in Editorial-AJOB, Featured Posts, Justice, Sports Ethics. Posted by Blog Editor. Bookmark the permalink.

05/14/2018

Ethical Considerations in the Manufacture, Sale and Distribution of Genome Editing Technologies

by Jeremy Sugarman MD MPH,MA, Supriya Shivakumar PhD, Martha Rook PhD, Jeanne F. Loring PhD, Christoph Rehmann-Sutter PhD, Jochen Taupitz PhD, Jutta Reinhard-Rupp PhD, Steven Hildemann MD PhD

New genome editing technologies are playing an increased role in an array of advanced research and development efforts in the life sciences. In tandem, there has been broad recognition of the need to address the ethical issues associated with the use of these genome editing tools. Although many uses of genome editing technologies do not raise novel ethical concerns, some have rightly attracted considerable attention, especially regarding the possibility of manipulating the human germline (Baltimore et al.…

Full Article

This entry was posted in Editorial-AJOB, Featured Posts, Genetics. Posted by Blog Editor. Bookmark the permalink.