Vol. 4 No. 4 | September 2013

Vol. 4 No. 4 | September 2013

ISBN: 2150-7740

target articles

Assessing Decision-Making Capacity in the Behaviorally Nonresponsive Patient With Residual Covert Awareness

Andrew Peterson, Lorina Naci, Charles Weijer, Damian Cruse, Davinia Fernández-Espejo, Mackenzie Graham & Adrian M. Owen

Recent neuroscientific findings suggest that functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)-based brain–computer interfaces may be a viable strategy for detecting covert awareness in patients clinically diagnosed as being in a vegetative state. This research may open a promising new avenue for developing neuroimaging techniques that provide prognostic and diagnostic information that complements cu...

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Along with their potential benefits, recent technological advances in neuroimaging and electroencephalographic assessment of brain-injured patients have brought to light uncertainty in diagnosing disorders of consciousness. Such technologies highlight the difficulty in determining the presence or absence of consciousness, and in particular the distinction between the minimally conscious state (MCS...

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This article examines and refutes the claims that neuroscientific evidence renders autonomy “quixotic” and thus supports a shift toward paternalism in medical and political decision-making. The author argues that the notion of autonomy has been mistakenly associated with the metaphysical concept of free will, and offers a political definition of autonomy to clarify how responsibility is implic...

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