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Neuroethics at 10, and Counting
Judy Illes & Paul Root Wolpe

In the Penfield Papers of the Montreal Neurological Institute, neurosurgeon Wilder Penfield (1891–1976) wrote: Neurology is the greatest, I think, the most important unexplored field in the whole of science. Certainly our ignorance and the amount to be learned is just as that of outer space. … The secrets of the brain and mind are hidden still. The interrelationships of mind and brain are pe...

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Target Article

Just How Cognitive Is “Cognitive Enhancement”? On the Significance of Emotions in University Students’ Experiences with Study Drugs
Scott Vrecko

Numerous deliberations on the ethics of cognitive enhancement take as their primary case the nonmedical use of prescription stimulant drugs by university students seeking to improve their performance in relation to academic work. Almost without exception, such discussions suggest that these medications enable academic performance enhancement through effects on cognitive processes. This article rep...

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Deep Brain Stimulation and Postoperative Suicidality Among Treatment Resistant Depression Patients: Should Eligibility Protocols Exclude Patients with a History of Suicide Attempts and Anger/Impulsivity?
Frédéric Gilbert

Recently, there has been a surge of interest in using deep brain stimulation (DBS) to treat patients suffering from treatment-resistant depression (TRD). While DBS has been regarded as an efficient and safe treatment for many conditions over the last 20 years, and although DBS research trials involving TRD patients show encouraging evidence of remission, recent DBS TRD follow-up studies have repo...

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Communicating with the Minimally Conscious: Ethical Implications in End-of-Life Care
Kathrine Bendtsen

Recent research from electroencephalography (EEG) and functional magnetic resonance (fMRI) studies appears to indicate that some patients diagnosed in a vegetative state may have some level of awareness and should instead be understood to be in a minimally conscious state (MCS). These results further suggest that, with the help of neuroimaging, at least once the technology has been developed furth...

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