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Autonomy by Default
Cass R. Sunstein

Default rules, taken as such, do not intrude on autonomy, even if they influence people without persuading them. If default rules give people certain rights automatically (such as the right to free speech), they promote autonomy for just that reason. And to the extent that default rules give people the freedom to focus on their most pressing concerns, and thus eliminate a kind of “bandwidth tax,...

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Target Article

Diagnosis by Documentary: Professional Responsibilities in Informal Encounters
Alistair Wardrope & Markus Reuber

Most work addressing clinical workers’ professional responsibilities concerns the norms of conduct within established professional–patient relationships, but such responsibilities may extend beyond the clinical context. We explore health workers’ professional responsibilities in such “informal” encounters through the example of a doctor witnessing the misdiagnosis and mistreatmen...

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The Ethics of Organ Donor Registration Policies: Nudges and Respect for Autonomy
Douglas MacKay & Alexandra Robinson

Governments must determine the legal procedures by which their residents are registered, or can register, as organ donors. Provided that governments recognize that people have a right to determine what happens to their organs after they die, there are four feasible options to choose from: opt-in, opt-out, mandated active choice, and voluntary active choice. We investigate the ethics of these polic...

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