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EDITORIAL

Principles of Biomedical Ethics: Marking Its Fortieth Anniversary
Tom Beauchamp & James Childress

We are pleased to join the editors of AJOB in marking the 40th anniversary of our Principles of Biomedical Ethics (PBE). In this editorial, we will reflect back on the book’s original publication, its development over four decades, some of its major themes, and some persistent misunderstandings. To us the publication of PBE seems like an event that happened yesterday; to the bioethics communi...

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Why It is Important to Consider Social Support When Assessing Organ Transplant Candidates?
José R. Maldonado

The number of transplant surgeries has risen steadily in the last 30 years in the United States (US), while the availability of donated organs has not kept pace with the clinical demands. According to the Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network (OPTN), every ten minutes someone is added to the national transplant waiting list. This has translated into a staggering statistic: on average, 20...

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Target Article

Should Lack of Social Support Prevent Access to Organ Transplantation?
Kelsey N. Berry, Norman Daniels & Keren Ladin

Transplantation programs commonly rely on clinicians’ judgments about patients’ social support (care from friends or family) when deciding whether to list them for organ transplantation. We examine whether using social support to make listing decisions for adults seeking transplantation is morally legitimate, drawing on recent data about the evidence-base, implementation, and potential impacts...

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Taxonomizing Views of Clinical Ethics Expertise
Abram Brummett & Erica K. Salter

Our aim in this article is to bring some clarity to the clinical ethics expertise debate by critiquing and replacing the taxonomy offered by the Core Competencies report. The orienting question for our taxonomy is: Can clinical ethicists offer justified, normative recommendations for active patient cases? Views that answer “no” are characterized as a “negative” view of clinical ethics expe...

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