Vol. 2 No. 1 | January 2011

Vol. 2 No. 1 | January 2011

ISBN: 2150-7716

target articles

Exogenous surfactants commonly used to treat a variety of neonatal respiratory diseases are derived from either bovine or porcine sources. The extent to which parents are aware of this fact is currently unclear, as is the impact that this may have on familial cultural or religious belief systems. Our primary aims were to assess U.S. neonatologists’ utilization of bovine and porcine surfactant pr...

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Content Analysis of Major Textbooks and Online Resources Used in Responsible Conduct of Research Instruction

Alexander A. Kon, Debie A. Schilling, Elizabeth Heitman, Nicholas H. Steneck & James M. DuBois

Instruction in the responsible conduct of research (RCR) is required for all trainees funded by the National Institues of Health (NIH) or National Science Foundation (NSF). A recent Delphi study identified 53 key topics in 7 core areas that RCR education experts felt should be included in this instruction, which is required of many trainees in clinical and translational research. We performed a co...

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Open Peer Commentary

Although more than 500,000 women annually experience a psychiatric illness during pregnancy, and approximately 30% will be prescribed medication, no psychotropic medications are approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use during pregnancy. In the absence of an evidence base, investigators, clinicians, and patients are concerned that we are “operating in a vast sea of ignorance.”...

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This article draws on a subset of data from an empirical study supported by the National Science Foundation. The study explored how institutional review boards (IRBs) fulfill their obligations to oversee research that involves human subjects. The subset of data is used to discuss two themes that shed light on how IRBs approach issues that may have a bearing on protection of human subjects but that...

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New “cutting-edge” medical interventions generally transition from research to the clinical realm after initial studies resolve short-term equipoise, demonstrating greater benefit than harm. During this transition, new interventions’ potential long-term consequences remain uncertain, which is problematic for physicians attempting to obtain appropriately informed consent. In this study, physi...

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