Btn Rss Bioethics News.

05/01/2015

How Private DNA Data Linked an Innocent Man to a 20-year-old Murder Case

The New Orleans Advocate recently published a shocking story that details the very real threats to privacy and civil liberties posed by law enforcement access to private genetic databases and familial DNA searching.

04/30/2015

Statement on NIH funding of research using gene-editing technologies in human embryos

Genomic editing is an area of research seeking to modify genes of living organisms to improve our understanding of gene function and advance potential therapeutic applications to correct genetic abnormalities. Researchers in China have recently described their experiments in a nonviable human embryo to modify the gene responsible for a potentially fatal blood disorder using a gene-editing technology called CRISPR/Cas9.

04/30/2015

Withholding results from clinical trials is unethical, says WHO

The movement to ensure that clinical trial results don’t end up in drawers has found an important global ally. Today, the World Health Organization (WHO) issued a call to make results from every clinical study publicly available within a year. Not doing so can harm patients and research subjects, waste time and money, and hold back medical science, WHO says.

04/29/2015

California governor orders aggressive greenhouse gas cuts by 2030

California Governor Jerry Brown issued an executive order on Wednesday to cut greenhouse gas emissions 40 percent by 2030, a move he said was necessary to combat the growing threat of climate change.

04/29/2015

Medical marijuana farm blooms in conservative Chile

Latin America’s first medical marijuana farm has taken root in a dusty yard at a secret location in Chile’s capital, with the blessing of a prominent right-wing official and high hopes the idea could sprout elsewhere in the socially conservative nation.

04/28/2015

Tension between gay, religious rights plays out at top U.S. court

If the U.S. Constitution covers a right to same-sex marriage, conservative Supreme Court justices asked on Tuesday, would clergy be exempted from performing such marriages or religious colleges spared from offering housing to gay couples?

04/28/2015

Tyson Foods plans to cut human antibiotics in U.S. chicken flocks by 2017

Tyson Foods Inc, the largest U.S. poultry producer, plans to eliminate the use of human antibiotics in its chicken flocks by September 2017 – one of the most aggressive timelines yet set by an American poultry company.

04/27/2015

Genome study reveals lonely end for the world’s woolly mammoths

The most complete genetic information assembled on woolly mammoths is providing insight into their demise, revealing they suffered two population crashes before a final, severely inbred group succumbed on an Arctic Ocean island.

04/27/2015

Decline in U.S. science spending threatens economy, security: MIT

Warning of an “innovation deficit,” scientists at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology say declining government spending on basic research is holding back potentially life-saving advances in 15 fields, from robotics and fusion energy to Alzheimer’s disease and agriculture.

04/24/2015

Children of depressed mothers at risk for behavior problems

While previous research has linked clinical depression in mothers to mood disorders and other health problems in their children, the current study is among the first to make this connection even when mothers have milder symptoms that might not be diagnosed or treated by clinicians.

04/24/2015

National Football League concussion settlement gets final approval

A federal judge gave final approval on Wednesday to a settlement in a lawsuit brought by about 5,000 former National Football League players who accused the league of covering up the dangers of concussions.

04/23/2015

Finding LGBT-competent doctors may be difficult

Finding doctors at U.S. teaching hospitals who consider themselves competent to care for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) patients may be difficult, suggests a new study.

04/23/2015

High morale linked to longer survival among elderly

Whether it is cause or effect is unclear, but high morale seems to go along with a longer life, according to a new Scandinavian study.

04/22/2015

The Ebola crisis: an ethical balancing act

Should Ebola patients in West Africa be given unproven treatments? How should clinicians decide which patients to treat, given the limited availability of some drugs? Should Ebola patients who are dying be given palliative care to relieve pain and suffering?

04/22/2015

Death in Secret: California’s Underground World of Assisted Suicide

Physician-assisted suicide is illegal in California. But that doesn’t mean it doesn’t happen. Sick patients sometimes ask for help in hastening their deaths, and some doctors will explain, vaguely, how to do it.

04/21/2015

New Genetic Tests for Breast Cancer Hold Promise

A Silicon Valley start-up with some big-name backers is threatening to upend genetic screening for breast and ovarian cancer by offering a test on a sample of saliva that is so inexpensive that most women could get it.

04/21/2015

BRCA gene datashare will help detect cancer risk

A first-of-its-kind genetic datashare program is being launched to zero in on patients with unclear BRCA test results — and save more women from the devastation of breast and ovarian cancer.

04/20/2015

Regulators may recommend testing food for glyphosate residues

U.S. regulators may start testing food products for residues of the world’s most widely used herbicide, the Environmental Protection Agency told Reuters on Friday, as public concern rises over possible links to disease.

04/20/2015

Type, frequency of e-cigarette use linked to quitting smoking

Two new studies looking at whether electronic cigarettes help smokers to quit their deadly habit have found that while some of them can, it depends on the type and how often it is used.

04/17/2015

ReNeuron stem cell therapy shows long-term promise for stroke

A pioneering stem cell treatment for patients disabled by stroke has continued to show long-term promise in a clinical trial, the British biotech company behind the project said on Friday.

04/17/2015

Georgia governor signs law legalizing medical marijuana

People with seizure disorders, multiple sclerosis and other illnesses will be allowed to use a non-smoking form of medical marijuana in Georgia after the state’s Republican governor signed a measure legalizing the drug on Thursday.

04/16/2015

Congress approves formula fixing Medicare doctors pay

Congress on Tuesday approved a bill to repair the formula for reimbursing Medicare physicians, marking a rare bipartisan achievement just in time to head off a 21 percent cut in the doctors’ pay.

04/16/2015

Meet the cancer patient in Room 52: His name is Joseph, but call him Joe

Lisa Mox and her husband, Joseph, who is now cancer-free after bouts of esophageal and colon cancer, are participating in a pilot program at Johns Hopkins Hospital to reduce “preventable harm” in the surgical intensive care unit. The program expands the definition of harm beyond medical complications to include loss of dignity and respect.

04/15/2015

U.S. study calls into question tests that sequence tumor genes

New cancer tests that sequence only a patient’s tumor and not normal tissue could result in a significant number of false positive results, potentially leading doctors to prescribe treatments that might not work, U.S. researchers said on Wednesday.

04/15/2015

Is the placebo effect in some people’s genes?

Some people may be genetically programmed to feel better after taking placebo pills, while others may only heal with real drugs, suggests a new review of existing research.

04/14/2015

Academics rate women job applicants higher than identical men: study

When hundreds of U.S. college faculty members rated junior scientists based on scholarly record, job interview performance and other information with an eye toward which should be hired, they preferred women over identically qualified men two-to-one, scientists reported on Monday.

04/14/2015

Health data breaches on the rise

Large-scale health data breaches reported by doctors and health plans have been rising steadily, a new report shows.

04/13/2015

‘Open Humans’ Network Launched to Share DNA and Other Data

People eager to share personal information beyond what’s on their Facebook profile have another outlet: an online platform launching on Tuesday will let them give scientists information about their genomes, gut bacteria and other biological data.

04/13/2015

Where does my personality fit in?

Where does my personality fit in?

New research maps the personality of 380 places in Great Britain. Where do you fit in?

04/10/2015

U.S. meat industry buying more human antibiotics: FDA

Sales of medically important antibiotics in the United States for use in livestock jumped by 20 percent between 2009 and 2013, federal regulators reported on Friday, data that is sure to feed the national debate about the growth of drug-resistant bacteria.