Tag: government

Blog Posts (14)

August 21, 2015

Some Reflections On Summer Vacation Reading

<p style="font-size: 11.1999998092651px; line-height: 19.0400009155273px;">I love to read novels and works of non-fiction in concentrated sittings so I can really lose myself in what I am reading. Because I am so busy during the course of my work-a-day professional life I rarely have such luxury. This is why vacation for me means a time when I can find a few really interesting books on my reading list and just devour them. Having recently returned from vacation and being overdue for my AMBI Blog, I thought I would share a few thoughts on my vacation reading, and even see if there is a lesson for bioethics.</p> <p style="font-size: 11.1999998092651px; line-height: 19.0400009155273px;"><span style="font-size: 11.1999998092651px; line-height: 19.0400009155273px;">This summer my reading was unusual in that it was all non-fiction, which included “The Return of George Washington” by Edward J. Larson, “The Warmth of Other Suns” by Isabel Wilkerson, and “Between the World and Me” by Ta-Nehisi Coates. I really didn’t plan to be reading these books together. But as it turns out, after finishing all three, I found a theme of interesting, often disturbing, questions about the past and present treatment of African Americans in the United States—questions that challenge the moral foundation and integrity of American democracy from its origins to the present.</span></p> <p style="font-size: 11.1999998092651px; line-height: 19.0400009155273px;"><span style="color: #34405b; font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 12px; line-height: 19.0400009155273px;"><strong>The Alden March Bioethics Institute offers a Master of Science in Bioethics, a</strong> </span><strong style="color: #34405b; font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 12px; line-height: 19.0400009155273px;">Doctorate of Professional Studies in Bioethics, and Graduate Certificates in Clinical Ethics and Clinical Ethics Consultation. For more information on AMBI's online graduate programs, please visit our <a style="color: #000099; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.amc.edu/Academic/bioethics/index.cfm">website</a>.</strong></p>
April 16, 2015

Gonzales vs. Oregon

<p style="font-size: 11.1999998092651px; line-height: 19.0400009155273px;">We are always pleased to support the activities of young scholars who are interested in bioethics. <a href="http://www.tiki-toki.com/timeline/entry/440733/Gonzales-v.-Oregon/">This link</a> is a timeline of the Supreme Court case Gonzales vs. Oregon. It was prepared by Ms. Maggie Kirby who attends high school at U-32 in Vermont. It does a terrific job of documenting this important bioethics case and binging awareness to the ongoing debate about physician-assisted suicide. Great work Maggie! </p> <p style="font-size: 11.1999998092651px; line-height: 19.0400009155273px;"><strong style="line-height: 19.0400009155273px; color: #34405b; font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 12px;">The Alden March Bioethics Institute offers a Master of Science in Bioethics, a Doctorate of Professional Studies in Bioethics, and Graduate Certificates in Clinical Ethics and Clinical Ethics Consultation. For more information on AMBI's online graduate programs, please visit our <a style="text-decoration: underline; color: #000099;" href="http://www.amc.edu/Academic/bioethics/index.cfm">website</a>.</strong><span style="line-height: 19.0400009155273px; color: #34405b; font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 12px;"> </span></p>
April 9, 2015

Ideological Struggles Old and New in America: The Inappropriate Use of Coercive State Authority

<p><span style="font-size: 11.1999998092651px; line-height: 19.0400009155273px;">The history of America from the beginning was a struggle of opposing ideological perspectives over the role of the state’s power vis-à-vis the consciences of individual citizens. The 17</span><sup style="line-height: 19.0400009155273px;">th</sup><span style="font-size: 11.1999998092651px; line-height: 19.0400009155273px;"> century Puritans in the Massachusetts Bay Colony basically transported to America the same kind of religious, state intrusion into the lives of individuals they were trying to escape in England by requiring citizens to subscribe to the official state religion. Fortunately, there were courageous individuals there at the time, like Roger Williams (1603-1683), who strongly resisted such requirements. Williams, prior to coming to America, had been educated at Cambridge and worked for Lord Chief Justice </span><a style="font-size: 11.1999998092651px; line-height: 19.0400009155273px;" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Coke">Edward Coke</a><span style="font-size: 11.1999998092651px; line-height: 19.0400009155273px;">. (1552-1634)</span><span style="font-size: 11.1999998092651px; line-height: 19.0400009155273px;">  </span><span style="font-size: 11.1999998092651px; line-height: 19.0400009155273px;">Coke was the famous English jurist whose work provided much of the foundations of the Anglo-American legal system, and who famously “declared the king to be subject to the law, and the laws of Parliament to be void if in violation of "common right and reason”.</span><span style="font-size: 11.1999998092651px; line-height: 19.0400009155273px;">  </span><span style="font-size: 11.1999998092651px; line-height: 19.0400009155273px;">No doubt Williams’ prior education and influences from Coke, and from others like Francis Bacon (1561-1626) who taught him the way of learning through experiment and observation, helped temper his strong theological commitments in relation to his views about the proper relationship between the authority of the state and religion, and the extent to which the state could have control over the consciences of free individuals, what Williams called “soul liberty”. Williams himself did not have theological quarrels with the Puritans; however, he did not believe religious conviction could be coerced. It was on this moral and political basis, that Williams founded Rhode Island, the first state ever to have a constitution guaranteeing expansive freedom of conscience to individual citizens. Fortunately, the thinking of Williams became the mindset of the key founders, particularly Jefferson (1743-1826) and Madison (1751-1836), of the American constitutional system. (For a full account of Roger Williams’ life and influence, see the wonderful book, </span><em style="font-size: 11.1999998092651px; line-height: 19.0400009155273px;">Roger Williams and the Creation of the American Soul: Church, State, and the Birth of Liberty</em><span style="font-size: 11.1999998092651px; line-height: 19.0400009155273px;"> by John M. Barry)</span></p> <p><strong style="line-height: 19.0400009155273px; color: #34405b; font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 12px;">The Alden March Bioethics Institute offers a Master of Science in Bioethics, a Doctorate of Professional Studies in Bioethics, and Graduate Certificates in Clinical Ethics and Clinical Ethics Consultation. For more information on AMBI's online graduate programs, please visit our <a style="text-decoration: underline; color: #000099;" href="/Academic/bioethics/index.cfm">website</a>.</strong><span style="line-height: 19.0400009155273px; color: #34405b; font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 12px;"> </span></p>
September 16, 2014

Is It Possible To Do Bioethics In Contemporary America?

<p style="line-height: 19.0400009155273px;"><span style="line-height: 19.0400009155273px;">Ok, I realize I am being somewhat provocative. But there is a real and very serious issue, which I am groping to address in a more precise manner.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 19.0400009155273px;"><span style="line-height: 19.0400009155273px;">In my last blog I described the contemporary moral setting from a philosophical perspective as one in which no single substantive normative moral perspective can resolve moral questions, such as the boundaries of human life and the scope of individual rights, with final moral authority. This is just to say, more simply and obviously when we reflect upon it, that in democratic, secular America, ethics, both philosophically and practically, becomes inextricably linked to public discourse in politics and public policy.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 19.0400009155273px;"><span style="line-height: 19.0400009155273px;">When bioethicists ask questions and make arguments about abortion, physician assisted suicide, stem cell research and cloning, and many other similar issues that pertain to questions about the value of human life in relation to both individual rights and societal goals, we have no privileged moral authority from which to draw. As bioethicists we engage in procedural, persuasive discourse, based on conventional moral principles that most often conflict, which is why there is moral dilemma or problem requiring analysis and prioritization. Our purpose in defending a particular moral position is to win assent from others. In short, for a bioethicist to promote a moral position, it is implicitly an attempt to build a consensus among readers and listeners that will hopefully impact public opinion about a particular moral problem or question. Moreover, to the extent these questions have public policy ramifications, and practically all do, it means that moral discourse is also oriented to effect change and function as a medium in which bioethicists often speak as advocates about how moral options should be framed as public policy positions in a democratic society.</span><span style="line-height: 19.0400009155273px;"> </span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 19.0400009155273px;"><strong style="color: #34405b; font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 12px; line-height: 20px;">The Alden March Bioethics Institute offers a Master of Science in Bioethics, a Doctorate of Professional Studies in Bioethics, and Graduate Certificates in Clinical Ethics and Clinical Ethics Consultation. For more information on AMBI's online graduate programs, please visit our <a style="text-decoration: underline; color: #000099;" href="/Academic/bioethics/index.cfm">website</a>.</strong><span style="line-height: 19.0400009155273px; color: #34405b; font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 12px;"> </span></p>
June 29, 2012

The Stem Cell Hope and Our Indefinitely Delayed Future

Alice Park’s new book The Stem Cell Hope, convinced me it is time to retire, “Where is my jetpack!?” once and for all. After reading her new book, Park will have you screaming, “Where are my stem cells?” from every rooftop.

Jetpacks are a puerile toy that we all know would be impractical, deadly, [...]

September 1, 2010

McGee: Back on the Embryonic Stem Cell Merry-Go-Round, But Going In A New Direction

On the Bioethics Channel, Dr. Glenn McGee, the John B. Francis Chair in Bioethics at the Center for Practical Bioethics, stakes out his own position regarding the recent U.S.…

July 8, 2010

Puttin' On the Ritz...With the PCSBI

Writing live from the Ritz Carlton Washington DC at the Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues (PCSBI), here is what I have heard so far….…

April 8, 2010

The Presidential Commission: The Member Analysis

The Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues (PCSBI) had its membership announced yesterday–and frankly, I am apprehensive about the future of the commission.…

November 26, 2009

A NEW Presidential Commission on Bioethics. We Christen Thee, Pucks-Bee. Let God Be Praised.

We all have a great deal to be thankful this Thanksgiving, and now we have one more thing to add to our list: another presidential bioethics commission.…

March 17, 2009

One Bioethics Council Dies, As Another Carries On

What will become of government bioethics? At this point, it’s anyone’s guess. Last Thursday, in Washington, the President’s Council on Bioethics convened the some of the world’s experts in government bioethics councils to discuss the past, present and future of bioethics councils including the head of the UK’s Nuffield Council, former executive directors of national bioethics councils and former chair’s of US executive bioethics bodies.…

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Published Articles (1)

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 8 Issue 11 - Nov 2008

Federalism, Federalism Everywhere

News (2)

July 12, 2012 12:29 pm

U.S. Injected Gitmo Detainees With ‘Mind Altering’ Drugs (Wired News (blog))

Prisoners inside the U.S. military’s detention center at Guantanamo Bay were forcibly given “mind altering drugs,” including being injected with a powerful anti-psychotic sedative used in psychiatric hospitals. Prisoners were often not told what medications they received, and were tricked into believing routine flu shots were truth serums. It’s a serious violation of medical ethics, made worse by the fact that the military continued to interrogate prisoners while they were doped on psychoactive chemicals.

May 16, 2012 9:35 am

The Obesity Epidemic - Two Policy Experts Speak Out (Forbes)

As part of our look into the obesity epidemic, we decided to ask two leading healthcare policy experts questions about the likelihood and potential impact of a tax on the obese and a tax on high-fat and high-sugar foods. This is the third article in a series I have written on obesity, with the previous two articles, A Fat Tax In America’s Future? and Cash As Weapon In The War Against Obesitybased on data from a proprietary survey about American’s views on obesity and what can be done about it.