Tag: public health

Blog Posts (53)

November 7, 2014

Kaci Hickox: Public health and the politics of fear

Steven H Miles, M.D.

Kaci Hickox is a nurse who went to Sierra Leone with Doctors without borders to treat the emergency with Ebola.…

January 17, 2013

Twenty-Three-Year-Old Female

Jennifer Chevinsky, B.S.

On December 16th, a 23 year-old female physiotherapy student was raped by six men on a private bus in New Delhi, India, while returning home from a movie theater.

January 15, 2013

The Moral Failure of HPV Vaccination

Arthur Caplan, Ph.D.

Among the greatest failures in American public health—and the list is a long one—is the rise in the incidence of cervical cancer.  …

June 5, 2012

CDC Creates National Plan for Infertility. Comments?

Today the CDC’s Division on Reproductive Health announced a draft version of a white paper entitled “A National Public Health Action Plan for the Detection, Prevention, and Management of Infertility” is now available for comment.…

May 31, 2012

Bloomberg and the Big Bad Soda Ban

Every few years in states like New York and California some state official has “had it up to here” with the obesity epidemic.…

May 17, 2012

Caplan: Problems with At Home HIV Testing

Ultimately, at home HIV testing could be an important piece of HIV prevention and treatment. But there are important concerns about ethical gaps in at home testing for HIV says Arthur Caplan in his post on MSNBC.…

March 28, 2012

Dukan Diet Doctor Proposal May Be Extreme, But Isn't Entirely Wrong

A controversial diet guru in France, Dr. Pierre Dukan, has raised a lot of eyebrows and ire for proposing that all high-school students in France, in order to graduate, pass a weight exam.…

March 15, 2012

The March Issue of AJOB is Now Online

The American Journal of Bioethics is proud to announce that its March issue, a special issue discussing issues related to lying in medicine, is now available online.…

November 29, 2011

Why Fat Cannot Make You Unfit to Parent

An eight-year-old Cleveland Heights, Ohio boy has been taken away from his parents by Child Protective Services. An unfortunate, but routine occurrence in the world of CPS–but this time the case has an usual cause—this third grader weighs more than 200 pounds and in the judgement of some Cuyahoga County officials his parents are the cause of his abuse to his health and well-being.…

October 20, 2011

Food Fight: Industry versus the IOM

If we are what we eat, shouldn’t we know what we are, in fact, eating? This simple idea may be much harder to support than one would guess thanks to lobbying on the part of the food industry, says Arthur Caplan in his MSNBC column today.…

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Published Articles (12)

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 16 Issue 11 - Nov 2016

Diagnosis by Documentary: Professional Responsibilities in Informal Encounters Alistair Wardrope & Markus Reuber

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 16 Issue 10 - Oct 2016

War Metaphors in Health Care: What Are They Good For? Kayhan Parsi

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 15 Issue 4 - Apr 2015

Caring for the Suffering: Meeting the Ebola Crisis Responsibly Philip M. Rosoff

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 15 Issue 4 - Apr 2015

Ideology and Microbiology: Ebola, Science, and Deliberative Democracy Joseph J. Fins

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 15 Issue 3 - Mar 2015

Mandatory Cancer Risk Warnings on Alcoholic Beverages: What Are the Ethical Issues? Jennie Louise, Jaklin Eliott, Ian Olver & Annette Braunack-Ma

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 14 Issue 3 - Mar 2014

The Ethics of Advertising for Health Care Services Yael Schenker, Robert M. Arnold & Alex John London

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 14 Issue 3 - Mar 2014

Ethics and Empiricism in the Formation of Professional Guidelines Mildred K. Cho

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 13 Issue 11 - Nov 2013

The Use of Deception in Public Health Behavioral Intervention Trials: A Case Study of Three Online Alcohol Trials Jim McCambridge, Kypros Kypri, Preben Bendtsen & John Porter

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 13 Issue 9 - Sep 2013

An Ethical Analysis of Mandatory Influenza Vaccination of Health Care Personnel: Implementing Fairly and Balancing Benefits and Burdens Armand H. Matheny Antommaria

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 13 Issue 9 - Sep 2013

Ethics of Clinical Science in a Public Health Emergency: Drug Discovery at the Bedside Sarah J. L. Edwards

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News (230)

October 21, 2016 8:00 am

The dangers of euthanasia-on-demand (Chicago Tribune)

If the Dutch Cabinet gets what it wants, citizens who feel they have a “completed life” soon will be able to request public support for help in ending their lives. It is a frightening precedent that other nations ought not follow, and a policy the Dutch ought to reject.

October 14, 2016 4:47 pm

Doctors Significantly Better Than Google, According To New Research (Huffington Post)

Doctors are much better than symptom-checker programs at reaching a correct diagnosis, though the humans are not perfect and might benefit from using algorithms to supplement their skills, a small study suggests.

October 10, 2016 8:00 am

This Scientist Is Trying To Unravel What Sugar Does To The Brain (NPR)

Most of us have been tempted at one time or another by the lure of sugar. Think of all the cakes and cookies you consume between Thanksgiving and Christmastime!

October 5, 2016 8:00 am

How We Got Here: Treating Addiction In 28 Days (NPR)

Louis Casanova is playing cards with a friend on the back deck of a recovery house in Philadelphia’s northern suburbs.

September 29, 2016 8:00 am

Depression, daily stressors and inflammatory responses to high-fat meals: when stress overrides healthier food choices (Nature)

Depression, stress and diet can all alter inflammation. This double-blind, randomized crossover study addressed the impact of daily stressors and a history of major depressive disorder (MDD) on inflammatory responses to high-fat meals. During two separate 9.5 h admissions, 58 healthy women (38 breast cancer survivors and 20 demographically similar controls), mean age 53.1 years, received either a high saturated fat meal or a high oleic sunflower oil meal. The Daily Inventory of Stressful Events assessed prior day stressors and the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV evaluated MDD. As expected, for a woman with no prior day stressors, C-reactive protein (CRP), serum amyloid A (SAA), intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1) were higher following the saturated fat meal than the high oleic sunflower oil meal after controlling for pre-meal measures, age, trunk fat and physical activity. But if a woman had prior day stressors, these meal-related differences disappeared—because the stressors heightened CRP, SAA, sICAM-1 and sVCAM-1 responses to the sunflower oil meal, making it look more like the responses to the saturated fat meal. In addition, women with an MDD history had higher post-meal blood pressure responses than those without a similar history. These data show how recent stressors and an MDD history can reverberate through metabolic alterations, promoting inflammatory and atherogenic responses.

September 26, 2016 5:48 pm

Too Poor for Proper Plumbing: A Reality in 500,000 U.S. Homes (NY Times)

TYLER, Ala. — The hard clay soil in this rural Southern county has twice cursed Dorothy Rudolph. It is good for growing cotton and cucumbers, the crops she worked as a child and hated. And it is bad for burying things — in particular, septic tanks.

September 23, 2016 8:00 am

Researchers Confront an Epidemic of Loneliness (NY Times)

The woman on the other end of the phone spoke lightheartedly of spring and of her 81st birthday the previous week. “Who did you celebrate with, Beryl?” asked Alison, whose job was to offer a kind ear. “No one, I…” And with that, Beryl’s cheer turned to despair.

September 21, 2016 8:00 am

Study: Opioid use down in states with medical marijuana (The Olympian)

States that allow medical marijuana to be used to treat pain show a decline in the use of opioids, according to a new study.  The study, published in the American Journal of Public Health, examined 69,000 traffic fatalities in 18 states from 1999 to 2013, focusing on differences between states that legalized medical marijuana and those that had not.

September 6, 2016 8:00 am

FDA Orders Antibacterials Removed From Consumer Soaps (NBC)

Say goodbye to those “antibacterial” soaps. The Food and Drug Administration says they do little or nothing to make soap work any better and said the industry has failed to prove they’re safe.

September 2, 2016 8:00 am

Zika outbreaks most likely to hit eight countries in Asia, Africa (Washington Post)

The worsening Zika outbreak in Singapore and its potential to spread elsewhere in Asia and beyond is rapidly raising alarms among health experts. Singapore has at least 151 confirmed cases, authorities reported Thursday, with two involving two pregnant women. Neighboring Malaysiaalso confirmed that a 58-year-old woman who recently visited her Zika-infected daughter in Singapore had been diagnosed with the disease.

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