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Tag Archives: public health

03/24/2015

Parental smoking increases risk of future heart disease for kids

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This entry was posted in Pediatrics, Public Health and tagged , . Posted by The American Journal of Bioethics. Bookmark the permalink.

03/23/2015

Worldwide Use Of Antibiotics In Livestock Is Fueling Risk Of Drug-Resistant Super Bugs Reuters Posted: 23/03/2015 05:31 IST Updated: 5 hours ago LIVESTOCK Share 19 Tweet 33 Comment 2 By Chris Arsenault ROME, March 23 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) – Developing countries are pumping livestock full of antibiotics at such a startling rate that they are dramatically increasing the risk of creating drug-resistant “super bugs,” scientists warned on Monday. Antibiotic use in animals is expected to surge by two thirds globally between 2010 and 2030, while doubling in emerging giants like China, Brazil, India and Russia, according to a Princeton University study. It warned that the practice is pushing us closer to a time when common infections could become a death sentence because they will no longer respond to drugs. Consumption of meat, milk and eggs is growing fast in many developing and middle-income countries. Urbanization, increased wealth and changing diets mean industrial livestock producers are expanding rapidly. They are relying on antibiotics to keep disease at bay in the short-term, said co-author Tim Robinson, a scientist with the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI). But the systematic use of low doses on livestock is creating “perfect conditions to grow resistant bacteria,” he told the Thomson Reuters Foundation. Bacteria like E. coli and salmonella are already becoming resistant to antibiotics, Robinson said, increasing fears that these diseases will endanger humans. Passed from animals to people through food contamination, direct contact or the broader environment, antibiotic resistant bacteria will make it harder for doctors to treat basic infections or other ailments, he said. The study by experts from Princeton, ILRI and the National Institutes of Health is the first to measure global antibiotic consumption by livestock. Asia is the main region of concern as this is where demand for livestock products is growing dramatically while regulations governing antibiotic use in animals are either non-existent or not publicly available, scientists say. China’s livestock industry alone could soon be consuming nearly one third of the world’s antibiotics. The five countries with the largest projected increases in antibiotics consumption are Myanmar (205 percent), Nigeria (163 percent), Peru (160 percent) and Vietnam (157 percent). Increasing food production for the estimated 805 million people who go to bed hungry every night will require a new approach that is less reliant on intensive, antiobiotic-fueled breeding, Robinson said. “Poor livestock producers aren’t responsible for this problem, it’s the big firms rushing to meet demand in the growing cities,” he added. But the poor will be worst affected if resistant bacteria transfer to humans more often, he said, because they will be the least able to afford the bigger and more frequent doses of drugs required to fight infections. (Reporting By Chris Arsenault, Editing by Emma Batha) Also on HuffPost: Close  Meat-Free Protein 1 of 10   Flickr: little blue hen Lentils Greek Yogurt Beans Tofu Tempeh Spinach Quinoa Peanuts Related Video Next Previous Next More: Reuters Super Bug Antibiotic Resistant Super Bug Antibiotics in Livestock Antibiotics in Animal Agriculture Suggest a correction Around the Web Stop the Spread of Superbugs – NIH News in Health, February 2014 Superbug: An Epidemic Begins – Harvard Magazine Antibiotic resistance – Wikipedia Skyrocketing use of antibiotics in animals fuels ‘super bug’ fears Chlorine in Water Treatment May Be Breeding Drug-Resistant ‘Superbugs’ Antibiotic Resistance In Pets Linked To Superbug Rise, Experts Blame Overuse …

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This entry was posted in Animal Ethics, Public Health and tagged , . Posted by The American Journal of Bioethics. Bookmark the permalink.

03/19/2015

Ban on fast-food eateries in South L.A. hasn’t cut obesity, study says

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03/19/2015

Industry makes $7,000 for each tobacco death: health campaigners

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This entry was posted in Health Care, Public Health and tagged . Posted by The American Journal of Bioethics. Bookmark the permalink.

03/17/2015

Half a million babies die each year in unhygienic hospitals

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03/03/2015

Irish parliament passes plain tobacco packaging law

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03/02/2015

Study links common food additives to Crohn’s disease, colitis

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02/17/2015

Plain tobacco packs likely to deter smoking, studies show

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This entry was posted in Public Health and tagged . Posted by The American Journal of Bioethics. Bookmark the permalink.

02/12/2015

HPV vaccine linked to less-risky behavior

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02/11/2015

Teacher depression may affect child learning

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This entry was posted in Psychiatric Ethics, Public Health and tagged , . Posted by The American Journal of Bioethics. Bookmark the permalink.