» Animal Ethics Where the World Finds Bioethics Fri, 27 Mar 2015 14:54:00 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Worldwide Use Of Antibiotics In Livestock Is Fueling Risk Of Drug-Resistant Super Bugs Reuters Posted: 23/03/2015 05:31 IST Updated: 5 hours ago LIVESTOCK Share 19 Tweet 33 Comment 2 By Chris Arsenault ROME, March 23 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) – Developing countries are pumping livestock full of antibiotics at such a startling rate that they are dramatically increasing the risk of creating drug-resistant “super bugs,” scientists warned on Monday. Antibiotic use in animals is expected to surge by two thirds globally between 2010 and 2030, while doubling in emerging giants like China, Brazil, India and Russia, according to a Princeton University study. It warned that the practice is pushing us closer to a time when common infections could become a death sentence because they will no longer respond to drugs. Consumption of meat, milk and eggs is growing fast in many developing and middle-income countries. Urbanization, increased wealth and changing diets mean industrial livestock producers are expanding rapidly. They are relying on antibiotics to keep disease at bay in the short-term, said co-author Tim Robinson, a scientist with the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI). But the systematic use of low doses on livestock is creating “perfect conditions to grow resistant bacteria,” he told the Thomson Reuters Foundation. Bacteria like E. coli and salmonella are already becoming resistant to antibiotics, Robinson said, increasing fears that these diseases will endanger humans. Passed from animals to people through food contamination, direct contact or the broader environment, antibiotic resistant bacteria will make it harder for doctors to treat basic infections or other ailments, he said. The study by experts from Princeton, ILRI and the National Institutes of Health is the first to measure global antibiotic consumption by livestock. Asia is the main region of concern as this is where demand for livestock products is growing dramatically while regulations governing antibiotic use in animals are either non-existent or not publicly available, scientists say. China’s livestock industry alone could soon be consuming nearly one third of the world’s antibiotics. The five countries with the largest projected increases in antibiotics consumption are Myanmar (205 percent), Nigeria (163 percent), Peru (160 percent) and Vietnam (157 percent). Increasing food production for the estimated 805 million people who go to bed hungry every night will require a new approach that is less reliant on intensive, antiobiotic-fueled breeding, Robinson said. “Poor livestock producers aren’t responsible for this problem, it’s the big firms rushing to meet demand in the growing cities,” he added. But the poor will be worst affected if resistant bacteria transfer to humans more often, he said, because they will be the least able to afford the bigger and more frequent doses of drugs required to fight infections. (Reporting By Chris Arsenault, Editing by Emma Batha) Also on HuffPost: Close  Meat-Free Protein 1 of 10   Flickr: little blue hen Lentils Greek Yogurt Beans Tofu Tempeh Spinach Quinoa Peanuts Related Video Next Previous Next More: Reuters Super Bug Antibiotic Resistant Super Bug Antibiotics in Livestock Antibiotics in Animal Agriculture Suggest a correction Around the Web Stop the Spread of Superbugs – NIH News in Health, February 2014 Superbug: An Epidemic Begins – Harvard Magazine Antibiotic resistance – Wikipedia Skyrocketing use of antibiotics in animals fuels ‘super bug’ fears Chlorine in Water Treatment May Be Breeding Drug-Resistant ‘Superbugs’ Antibiotic Resistance In Pets Linked To Superbug Rise, Experts Blame Overuse … Mon, 23 Mar 2015 23:40:26 +0000 0 Cockroaches have personalities, study finds Wed, 11 Mar 2015 22:41:17 +0000 0 Can Bioethicists (in Good Conscience) Watch the NFL? Mon, 26 Jan 2015 11:00:14 +0000 by Keisha Ray, Ph.D.

Every year the National Football League (NFL) makes between an estimated $7 billion- $9 billion making it the most profitable American professional sports league. The players are arguably what attracts most people to the game and how the league makes its money, whether that be through game attendance or the sale of player related merchandise. The mental health of current players and especially retired players has come under a magnifying glass within the past decade. Past players and the families of past (and deceased) players have accused the NFL of mishandling players with concussions.…

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A Monkey’s Uncle: A Nonhuman Person in an Argentinean Zoo Mon, 29 Dec 2014 07:55:02 +0000 by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

A court in Argentina has ruled that Sandra, an orangutan is a nonhuman person who is deserving of some rights. Animal rights groups suggest that includes a right to privacy. If true, then Sandra is being illegally kept in a zoo where she often covers her head to avoid being gazed upon by zoo visitors.

Orangutans (a Malayan word meaning “person of the forest”) are not monkeys, but rather are an Asian species of the great apes (genus pongo) native to Borneo and Sumatra.…

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Physicists solve mystery of why cats rule, dogs drool Mon, 01 Dec 2014 20:26:29 +0000 0 African Lions Face Extinction by 2050, Could Gain Endangered Species Act Protection Mon, 27 Oct 2014 22:31:57 +0000 0 Scientist catches spider the size of a puppy Mon, 20 Oct 2014 18:09:57 +0000 0 Planet of the apes: Gibbons are last ape to have genome revealed Wed, 10 Sep 2014 20:37:02 +0000 0 See-Through Mice Reveal Details of Inner Anatomy Thu, 31 Jul 2014 21:57:46 +0000 0 Study: Dogs Experience Jealousy Emotion Too Thu, 24 Jul 2014 17:18:52 +0000 0 Philosopher Calls for End to Animal Experimentation (and more): Is there a “reasonable” conception of animal rights? Wed, 07 May 2014 08:02:16 +0000 by J.S. Blumenthal-Barby, MA, PhD

According to Christine Korsgaard, one of the leading moral philosophers in the Western world and Arthur Kingsley Porter Professor of Philosophy at Harvard University, the answer is yes.

But by “reasonable” she means that the view is grounded in sound reasoning–not that it will be easy to accept or uncontroversial. She articulated this conception in a recent lecture at Rice University as part of the Lecture Series on Ethics, Politics and Society.

Her argument (in a nutshell) was this: We often think that we have duties of beneficence to animals–to be kind to them, to not cause them undue suffering, etc. …

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Ocean Conservation Group: 20 Percent of All Captured Fish is Trashed Fri, 21 Mar 2014 18:47:59 +0000 0 Crazy ants take on fire ants and win Fri, 14 Feb 2014 17:53:17 +0000 0 Mass Slaughter of Vulnerable Shark Species in China, Wildlife Group Says Wed, 29 Jan 2014 20:41:11 +0000 0 Group: Japan’s Dolphin Roundup Biggest In 4 Years Tue, 21 Jan 2014 18:06:13 +0000 0 Federal budget expected to end plans for U.S. horse slaughter plants Fri, 17 Jan 2014 19:21:21 +0000 0 Mom: Officer shot kittens in front of my kids Thu, 16 Jan 2014 23:42:33 +0000 0 DNA Discovery Reveals Surprising Dolphin Origins Mon, 13 Jan 2014 23:34:19 +0000 0 Dolphin Slaughter Fueled by Illegal Shark Trade Thu, 24 Oct 2013 22:52:04 +0000 0 The ethics of animal tests: inside the lab where marmosets are given Parkinson’s Mon, 14 Oct 2013 18:45:06 +0000 0 Doctors: Washington U’s continued use of live cats in pediatric training is cruel, not needed Thu, 10 Oct 2013 21:34:10 +0000 0 Tiger Genome Sequenced, Shows Big Cats Evolved to Kill Wed, 18 Sep 2013 20:55:16 +0000 0 Report links antibiotics at farms to human deaths Tue, 17 Sep 2013 20:25:37 +0000 0 Video: Science Could Soon Bring Species Back to Life Tue, 03 Sep 2013 19:59:39 +0000 0 What’s In That Big Mac? Fri, 24 May 2013 20:48:53 +0000 0 Russia launches animals into space on one-month journey Fri, 19 Apr 2013 18:15:40 +0000 0 EU bans all sales of cosmetics tested on animals Mon, 11 Mar 2013 18:57:59 +0000 0 Sharks Win Protection at International Trade Conference Mon, 11 Mar 2013 18:45:22 +0000 0 Texas court asks: Is man’s best friend priceless? Thu, 17 Jan 2013 17:36:11 +0000 0 Study: African lion population shrinks to 32,000 Fri, 07 Dec 2012 03:03:34 +0000 0 Dog health and safety tips for the Thanksgiving holiday and beyond Thu, 22 Nov 2012 16:00:59 +0000 0 Paul McCartney Lectures Americans to Skip Turkey for Thanksgiving Thu, 22 Nov 2012 16:00:34 +0000 0 Peter Singer: Menace or moral Hero? Mon, 02 Jul 2012 20:16:34 +0000 0 To Save Some Species, Zoos Must Let Others Die Tue, 29 May 2012 15:44:10 +0000 0 New Treatments to Save a Pet, but Questions About the Costs Mon, 09 Apr 2012 17:09:25 +0000 0 Eating Animals Wed, 21 Dec 2011 05:00:00 +0000 0 Advisory panel calls for end to most experiments on chimpanzees Sun, 18 Dec 2011 05:00:00 +0000 0 Committee on Animal Research Ethics Fri, 19 Jun 2009 04:00:00 +0000 0 Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare Tue, 09 Jun 2009 04:00:00 +0000 0 Center for Alternatives to Animal Testing Tue, 09 Jun 2009 04:00:00 +0000 0 Canadian Council on Animal Care Tue, 09 Jun 2009 04:00:00 +0000 0 The Principles of Humane Experimental Technique Tue, 09 Jun 2009 04:00:00 +0000 0 The ethics of research involving animals Tue, 09 Jun 2009 04:00:00 +0000 0 USDA – Government and Professional Resources Tue, 02 Jun 2009 04:00:00 +0000 0 Society for Veterinary Medical Ethics Tue, 26 May 2009 04:00:00 +0000 0 Institute for Laboratory Animal Research Tue, 26 May 2009 04:00:00 +0000 0 Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare Tue, 02 Oct 2001 05:00:00 +0000 0 Association For Assessment and Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care International Tue, 02 Oct 2001 05:00:00 +0000 0 Model Organisms for Biomedical Research at NIH Tue, 02 Oct 2001 05:00:00 +0000 0 Center for Alternatives to Animal Testing Tue, 02 Oct 2001 05:00:00 +0000 0