September 30, 2014
by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.
Today, Tuesday, September 29, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services will release most of the Open Payments database.…
March 7, 2014
<p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 22.399999618530273px;">A <em><a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2013/12/17/business/glaxo-says-it-will-stop-paying-doctors-to-promote-drugs.html">New York Times</a></em><a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2013/12/17/business/glaxo-says-it-will-stop-paying-doctors-to-promote-drugs.html"> article</a> by Katie Thomas published on December 16, 2013 led with this sentence: “The British drug maker GlaxoSmithKline will no longer pay doctors to promote its products and will stop tying compensation of sales representatives to the number of prescriptions doctors write, its chief executive said Monday, effectively ending two common industry practices that critics have long assailed as troublesome conflicts of interest.” Might one ask: Are these really conflict of interests problems?</p>
<p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 22.399999618530273px;">A <em>conflict of interest</em> (so sometimes, <em>conflict of interests</em>) is <a href="http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJM199308193290812">often defined as</a>: “a set of circumstances that creates a risk that professional judgment or actions regarding a primary interest will be unduly influenced by a secondary interest.” In a short introduction to conflicts of interests, written for a business ethics class at the McCombs School of Business at the University of Texas at Austin, Dr. Lamar Pierce (Associate Professor of Strategy, Olin Business School, Washington University, St. Louis) said:</p>
<p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 22.399999618530273px; padding-left: 60px;"><span style="color: #434343;">Incentives are pervasive in every aspect of society. People are rewarded for taking certain actions, and not rewarded for taking others. Workers are paid for their effort and productivity, salespeople are paid for their sales, and small business owners are rewarded with profits for successful ventures. So long as these incentives are well-understood by everyone, they work reasonably well. They motivate effort, performance, and social welfare. But sometimes, individuals have incentives that conflict with their professional responsibilities, often in ways that are not transparent to the public or in their own minds. These conflicts of interest produce serious economic and social problems.</span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 22.399999618530273px;"><span style="color: #434343;"></span><strong style="color: #34405b; font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 12px; line-height: 20px;">The Alden March Bioethics Institute offers a Master of Science in Bioethics, a Doctorate of Professional Studies in Bioethics, and Graduate Certificates in Clinical Ethics and Clinical Ethics Consultation. For more information on AMBI's online graduate programs, please visit our <a style="color: #000099; text-decoration: underline;" href="/Academic/bioethics/index.cfm">website</a>.</strong></p>
January 22, 2014
by Arthur Caplan, Ph.D.
Earlier this week I was a guest on a Pennsylvania public television show. The topic was the safety of GMO foods. …
September 24, 2013
by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.
The Oxford American Dictionary defines the term “outrageous” as “shockingly bad or excessive.” Case in point, a recent publication in the International Journal of Surgery Case Reports about a two-and-a-half year old boy in Saudi Arabia who two years ago underwent laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG).…
September 3, 2010
The September issue of The American Journal of Bioethics, presaged by such astonishing articles as “The Lesbian Drug” in Newsweek, stretched the boundaries of the Journal by engaging questions about the relationship between advocacy and scholarship, the meaning of transgressing boundaries in that regard, and the extraordinary implications of the social and medical debate concerning the administration of dexamethasone during pregnancy in females with congenital adrenal hyperplasia.…