Hot Topics: Cultural

Blog Posts (101)

November 28, 2018

Female Genital Cutting (FGC) and the Cultural Boundaries of Medical Practice

by Rosie Duivenbode and Aasim I. Padela, MD, MSc

In April 2017, Dr. Jumana Nagarwala, at that time an emergency medicine physician at Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit, was arrested and jailed.…

November 15, 2018

#InMyLane: Gun Violence and an Ethical Health Care Response

by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

Since January 1, 2018 through November 15, the United States has seen 311 mass shootings that have killed 339 people and injured 1,249.…

October 30, 2018

A Jewish Bioethicist Responds to Hate

by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

 “Whoever kills a person [unjustly]…it is as though he has killed all mankind. And whoever saves a life, it is as though he had saved all mankind.” (Qur’an, 5:32)

When I was about 7 years old, my father was completing the newspaper crossword when he called me over to sit in his lap.…

October 16, 2018

“Are you lonesome tonight”: A Bioethics Perspective on a New Public Health Epidemic

by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

Ben Sasse, Senator (R-NB) and professor of history, writes in his new book Them: Why We Hate Each Other—and How to Healthat in a world that is more interconnected through screens, we are more separate and alone than ever: “We’re literally dying of despair” he states.…

October 5, 2018

BioethicsTV (October 1-5)

by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

Jump to The Resident (Season 2; Episode 2): Rising drug costs Jump to New Amsterdam (Season 1; Episode 2): Cultural accommodation; medicating schoolkids Jump to Chicago Med (Season 4; Episode 2): Withholding support; withdrawing support

The Resident (Season 2; Episode 2): Rising drug costs

In its sophomore year, this show seems to be shying away from ethical issues and the gross incompetence of its fictional hospital and exchanging it for hope; hope that hospitals can cover their costs and meet patient needs.…

August 14, 2018

Is Japan Alone in Disadvantaging Female Medical School Applicants?

by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

Last December, I wrote a post about #MeToo in bioethics. I wish this could be a one-time topic and all of the problems were fixed, but alas this is a problem of structural inequality.…

July 3, 2018

One Human’s Condition in the Post-Factual Age

by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

It may be hard to believe, but I have been having trouble writing this blog lately. I blame the Supreme Court.…

March 6, 2018

Mainstream and Conservative: Different Flavors of Bioethics

by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

As part of my Bioethics in Society: Critical Studies of Bioethics course, students have noticed a  divide in bioethics writing between what we are calling mainstream bioethics and conservative bioethics.

February 20, 2018

Bioethics Has a Silencer on Gun Violence

by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

Where is the vibrant bioethics literature on gun control and firearm violence? In 1997, bioethicist Leigh Turner asked why bioethics “neglect[s] issues of public health, preventive medicine and social medicine…{such as] gun control and firearm-related violence.” In 2012, Art Caplan wrote that “We need to treat violence as a public health issue” and in 2015 that “guns are a medical issue.” John Kaplan in an Albany Medical College blog in 2013 was amazed by “how little bioethicists are saying about the need for gun control.” In 2017, Jenny Nguyen in Medium offered a deontological examination of the issue: “I consider violence to be an issue that should be addressed using bioethics.” In 2018, Jones et.

January 30, 2018

The Fine Line Between Living and Dead

by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

Traditionally, a determination of death can only be made by a physician or by a health care provider (including first responder) if there is evidence of brain matter leakage or the head is severed from the body.…

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Published Articles (48)

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 18 Issue 11 - Nov 2018

Health Research Priority Setting: The Duties of Individual Funders Leah Pierson & Joseph Millum

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 18 Issue 11 - Nov 2018

One Health, Bioethics, and Nonhuman Ethics Simon Coghlan & Benjamin Coghlan

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 18 Issue 11 - Nov 2018

Aligning Research Priorities to Improve Equity: A Challenge for Health Funders Alonzo L. Plough

AJOB Primary Research: Volume 9 Issue 3 - Nov 2018

Taking societal cost into clinical consideration: U.S. physicians’ views Alissa R. Stavig, Hyo Jung Tak, John D. Yoon & Farr A. Curlin

AJOB Primary Research: Volume 9 Issue 3 - Nov 2018

“I didn’t have anything to decide, I wanted to help my kids”—An interview-based study of consent procedures for sampling human biological material for genetic research in rural Pakistan Nana Cecilie Halmsted Kongsholm, Jesper Lassen & Peter Sandøe

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 18 Issue 10 - Oct 2018

Shrinking Poor White Life Spans: Class, Race, and Health Justice Erika Blacksher

AJOB Neuroscience: Volume 18 Issue 3 - Sep 2018

Punishing Intentions and Neurointerventions David Birks & Alena Buyx

AJOB Neuroscience: Volume 18 Issue 3 - Sep 2018

Neurointerventions: Punishment, Mental Integrity, and Intentions Peter Vallentyne

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 18 Issue 9 - Sep 2018

In Defense of “Denial”: Difficulty Knowing When Beliefs Are Unrealistic and Whether Unrealistic Beliefs Are Bad J. S. Blumenthal-Barby & Peter A. Ubel

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 18 Issue 1 - Jun 2018

White Privilege and Playing It Safe Denise M. Dudzinski

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News (210)

December 2, 2018 9:00 am

Battle Against Ebola in Congo Pits Medical Hope Against Local Chaos (The New York Times)

A vaccine and new treatments are on hand, but the outbreak is in an area rife with unpredictable gunfire, bandits and suspicion of outsiders.

November 30, 2018 11:59 am

China Halts Work by Scientist Who Says He Edited Babies’ Genes (New York Times)

BEIJING — China said on Thursday that it had suspended the work of a scientist who claims to have created the world’s first genetically edited babies, saying his conduct appeared to be unethical and in violation of Chinese law.

The scientist, He Jiankui, announced on Monday that he had used the gene-editing technique Crispr to alter embryos, which he implanted in the womb of a woman who gave birth to twin girls this month. At an international conference on Wednesday, he asserted that he was proud of what he had done.

November 28, 2018 9:15 am

Outbreak Culture: The Ebola Crisis and the Next Epidemic (The Washington Post)

When Ebola broke out in West Africa in 2014, it spread with dizzying speed — and outwitted responders. By the time the epidemic ended in 2016, more than 28,000 people had been infected and 11,325 had died. It didn’t have to be that way, write Pardis Sabeti and Lara Salahi. In “Outbreak Culture: The Ebola Crisis and the Next Epidemic,” they uncover the chaos behind the world’s response to the 2014-2016 Ebola outbreak, and posit how it could have been avoided.

November 26, 2018 12:42 pm

Chinese researcher claims first gene-edited babies (AP News)

A Chinese researcher claims that he helped make the world’s first genetically edited babies — twin girls born this month whose DNA he said he altered with a powerful new tool capable of rewriting the very blueprint of life.

If true, it would be a profound leap of science and ethics.

A U.S. scientist said he took part in the work in China, but this kind of gene editing is banned in the United States because the DNA changes can pass to future generations and it risks harming other genes.

November 13, 2018 9:00 am

Genetics research 'biased towards studying white Europeans' (The Guardian)

People from minority ethnic backgrounds are set to lose out on medical benefits of genetics research due to an overwhelming bias towards studying white European populations, a leading scientist has warned.

Prof David Curtis, a geneticist and psychiatrist at University College London, has called on funding bodies to do more to address the emerging issue that genetic tests developed using samples from white Europeans can give meaningless results when applied to other ethnic groups. The problem could intensify as the clinical applications of genetics expand over the next decade.

November 2, 2018 9:00 am

Aging can be hard for those in the trans community (The Washington Post)

“We were both aware that in the LGBTQ world, there’s a fair amount of ageism and lack of awareness about aging, and in the aging world there’s a fair amount of homophobia and transphobia and lack of awareness of LGBTQ issues, especially trans identities.”

October 9, 2018 9:00 am

My child has two parents. Why does day care call only me? (The Washington Post)

A school’s unwillingness to communicate with fathers, while most disruptive to the mothers who end up doing more than their share of the family care work, can affect children, too.

October 4, 2018 9:00 am

Genetic determinism rides again (Nature)

It’s never a good time for another bout of genetic determinism, but it’s hard to imagine a worse one than this. Social inequality gapes, exacerbated by climate change, driving hostility towards immigrants and flares of militant racism. At such a juncture, yet another expression of the discredited, simplistic idea that genes alone control human nature seems particularly insidious. And yet, here we are again with Blueprint, by educational psychologist Robert Plomin.

September 17, 2018 9:00 am

'Lots of lads I know wouldn't give it a shot': the men starting care careers (The Guardian)

Wilding is one of the small – but slowly growing – number of male care workers in the UK; men make up just 18% of the social care workforce – an increase of two percentage points since 2015… A staggering 85% of men, and 76% of men aged 16-25, say they are unlikely to start a career in adult social care, while 35% of the public think working in a care home is a “woman’s career”.

September 11, 2018 9:00 am

23andMe may offer costly premium DNA spit-test service (Mercury News)

Mountain View spit-kit DNA testing firm 23andMe wants to know how deep you want to go into your genome, and how much you’re willing to pay. The company currently sells $100 ancestry tests and $200 tests that cover ancestry and health. But according to a new report, 23andMe has been market-testing a deeper dive into personal genetics.

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