Hot Topics: Cultural

Blog Posts (94)

March 6, 2018

Mainstream and Conservative: Different Flavors of Bioethics

by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

As part of my Bioethics in Society: Critical Studies of Bioethics course, students have noticed a  divide in bioethics writing between what we are calling mainstream bioethics and conservative bioethics.

February 20, 2018

Bioethics Has a Silencer on Gun Violence

by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

Where is the vibrant bioethics literature on gun control and firearm violence? In 1997, bioethicist Leigh Turner asked why bioethics “neglect[s] issues of public health, preventive medicine and social medicine…{such as] gun control and firearm-related violence.” In 2012, Art Caplan wrote that “We need to treat violence as a public health issue” and in 2015 that “guns are a medical issue.” John Kaplan in an Albany Medical College blog in 2013 was amazed by “how little bioethicists are saying about the need for gun control.” In 2017, Jenny Nguyen in Medium offered a deontological examination of the issue: “I consider violence to be an issue that should be addressed using bioethics.” In 2018, Jones et.

January 30, 2018

The Fine Line Between Living and Dead

by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

Traditionally, a determination of death can only be made by a physician or by a health care provider (including first responder) if there is evidence of brain matter leakage or the head is severed from the body.…

January 26, 2018

BioethicsTV (January 23-26, 2018): Lying, Abused Surrogates, Right to Die, Who Pays for Care #TheGoodDoctor #ChicagoMed #GreysAnatomy

by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

The Good Doctor (Season 1; Episode 13): Lying to protect and an abused surrogate

After a resident puts his hand on a patient’s arm, she asks him not to touch him.…

December 5, 2017

#METOO Bioethics

by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

In the December 4 episode of The Good Doctor, a medical resident is sexually harassed by her attending, who touches her when she is interacting with patients and asks her out to dinner.…

November 14, 2017

What is the purpose of Ethics Education?

by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

Those of us who teach bioethics and ethics-in-general face a dilemma during every class session: How much of our own perspectives and analyses do we bring to the classroom?…

November 10, 2017

Refocusing professional standards and leadership for patient empowerment

This post is written in response to Ubel, Scherr and Fagerlin’s target article, “Empowerment Failure: How Shortcomings in Physician Communication Unwittingly Undermine Patient Autonomy” published in the November 2017 issue of The American Journal of Bioethics.

October 24, 2017

When the Government Prevents a Teen from Receiving an Abortion

by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

Update: The U.S. Court of Appeals in D.C. full panel ordered the government to arrange for Doe to receive her abortion.

October 12, 2017

The Rescinding of DACA: What Should Healthcare Professionals and Academics Do? (And Why?)

by Mark G. Kuczewski, Ph.D. Danish Zaidi, MTS, MBE

Imagine that the 14th Amendment is repealed. Suddenly, birthright citizenship is no longer the accepted law of the United States.…

September 29, 2017

BIOETHICSTV: Gender-change surgery; coercing consent; conflict of interest and impaired judgement

by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

Late September means the beginning of a new television year. This week saw the return for the 14th season of Grey’s Anatomy and the introduction of a new medical drama, The Good Doctor.

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Published Articles (34)

AJOB Primary Research: Volume 8 Issue 1 - Mar 2018

A paradigm for understanding trust and mistrust in medical research: The Community VOICES study M. Smirnoff, I. Wilets, D. F. Ragin, R. Adams, J. Holohan, R. Rhodes, G. Winkel, E. M. Ricci, C. Clesca & L. D. Richardson

AJOB Primary Research: Volume 8 Issue 1 - Mar 2018

“God is the giver and taker of life”: Muslim beliefs and attitudes regarding assisted suicide and euthanasia Chaïma Ahaddour, Stef Van den Branden & Bert Broeckaert

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 18 Issue 3 - Mar 2018

Ethical Dilemmas in Protecting Susceptible Subpopulations From Environmental Health Risks: Liberty, Utility, Fairness, and Accountability for Reasonableness David B. Resnik, D. Robert MacDougall & Elise M. Smith

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 18 Issue 2 - Feb 2018

The Quantified Relationship John Danaher, Sven Nyholm & Brian D. Earp

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 18 Issue 2 - Feb 2018

I, My Love, and Apps Craig Klugman

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 17 Issue 11 - Nov 2017

The Rescinding of DACA: What Should Healthcare Professionals and Academics Do? (and Why?) Mark G. Kuczewski & Danish Zaidi

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 17 Issue 10 - Oct 2017

Saving Life, Limb, and Eyesight: Assessing the Medical Rules of Eligibility During Armed Conflict Michael L. Gross

AJOB Neuroscience: Volume 8 Issue 1 - Mar 2017

Ethical and Legal Concerns Associated With the Comprehension of Legal Language and Concepts Joseph Wszalek

AJOB Neuroscience: Volume 8 Issue 1 - Mar 2017

tDCS Research in a World With FDA Regulation Patricia J. Zettler

AJOB Primary Research: Volume 8 Issue 3 - Sep 2017

Physician understanding and application of surrogate decision-making laws in clinical practice Amber Rose Comer, Margaret Gaffney, Cynthia L. Stone & Alexia Torke

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News (188)

April 13, 2018 9:00 am

Vaping now an epidemic among US high schoolers (CNN)

A sharp spike in vaping and the use of e-cigarettes by students has grabbed the attention of the US Food and Drug Administration. The rapid spread of the fad was flagged in a 2016 report from the US surgeon general. It cited a 900% increase in e-cigarette use by high school students from 2011 to 2015, and the 2016 National Youth Tobacco Survey noted that 1.7 million high school students said they had used e-cigarettes in the previous 30 days.

April 12, 2018 9:00 am

Artificial intelligence reveals how U.S. stereotypes about women and minorities have changed in the past 100 years (Science)

How do you measure the stereotypes of the past after the past is gone? You could read what people wrote and tally up the slurs, but bias is often subtler than a single word. Researchers are now developing artificial intelligence (AI) to help out. A new study has analyzed which stereotypes are still holding fast—and which are going the way of the floppy disk.

April 2, 2018 9:00 am

Planned Parenthood tweet calls for abortion Disney princess (BBC News)

Chief executive Melissa Reed said: “Today, we joined an ongoing Twitter conversation about the kinds of princesses people want to see in an attempt to make a point about the importance of telling stories that challenge stigma and championing stories that too often don’t get told. “Upon reflection, we decided that the seriousness of the point we were trying to make was not appropriate for the subject matter or context, and we removed the tweet.”

March 26, 2018 9:00 am

Female doctors have problems men can't fathom. Are we even welcome at work? (USA Today)

For decades, most analyses of female physicians were limited to small populations, and so what was known was not widely actionable. But in 2010, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act required the government to disclose physician demographics and Medicare reimbursements, and this has allowed researchers to paint a more complete picture of what it is like to be a working woman. It came as no surprise that after adjusting for experience, effort, and productivity, female physicians generally are paid significantly and substantially less by Medicare ($18,677 on average annually) than males. But it was surprising to see that women were not merely non-inferior to men as providers. Having a female physician can actually confer an advantage in patient care.

March 13, 2018 9:00 am

Ask Your Doctor. Until Then, Here’s a Word From Our Sitcom. (The New York Times)

 It’s true that only the United States and New Zealand allow direct advertising of prescription drugs to consumers, while Brazil allows some advertising of nonprescription, over-the-counter medications.

March 6, 2018 9:00 am

FDA strengthens warning on opioid cold medicine (CNN)

The FDA announced Thursday that it’s requiring revisions to the safety labeling on such prescription opioid cough and cold medicines to indicate that the products no longer can be used to treat children — because their risks outweigh their potential benefits — and should be used only for adults 18 and older.

March 1, 2018 9:00 am

Sex and drugs and self-control: how the teen brain navigates risk (Nature)

It’s not just about rebellion. Neuroscience is revealing adolescents’ rich and nuanced relationship with risky behavior.

February 22, 2018 9:00 am

Intergenerational care: Where kids help the elderly live longer (CNN)

“The children work with and play with the residents every single day,” said Ali Somers, co-founder of Apples and Honey Nightingale, who also heads evaluation and impact for this program. The premise is intergenerational care, providing wisdom to the young and relationships — and, in turn, longevity — to the old.
February 16, 2018 9:00 am

Why science blogging still matters (Nature)

Science blogs have been around since the early 2000s, and in recent years the ‘microblogging’ platform Twitter and other social-media channels, which require less time to maintain than does a full blog, threatened to make them obsolete. But some scientists are keeping the practice alive, and it continues to play a major part in sparking collaborations, conveying crucial information and strengthening scientific communities.

January 23, 2018 9:00 am

Facebook is a ‘living, breathing crime scene,’ says one former tech insider (NBC News)

“Facebook is a living, breathing crime scene for what happened in the 2016 election — and only they have full access to what happened,” said Tristan Harris, a former design ethicist at Google. His work centers on how technology can ethically steer the thoughts and actions of the masses on social media and he’s been called “the closest thing Silicon Valley has to a conscience” by The Atlantic magazine.

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