» Cultural Where the World Finds Bioethics Sun, 27 Jul 2014 09:00:00 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Gordon College Faces Review Over Request For Ability To Discriminate Tue, 15 Jul 2014 18:22:02 +0000 0 Children Of Gay Parents Are Happier And Healthier Than Their Peers, New Study Finds Tue, 15 Jul 2014 18:20:00 +0000 0 The Principle of Equivalence Reconsidered: Assessing the Relevance of the Principle of Equivalence in Prison Medicine Thu, 10 Jul 2014 19:36:48 +0000 0 Observations on the Nature and Extent of Injustice in the American Prison System Thu, 10 Jul 2014 19:31:34 +0000 0 U.S. Democrats aim to turn contraception into campaign drive Tue, 08 Jul 2014 21:15:24 +0000 0 Enter the Corporate Congress: SCOTUS & FACEBOOK Wed, 02 Jul 2014 03:01:44 +0000 by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

One of the facts that hiring managers are taught is that you can never ask a potential employee about their religion (among other protected areas) unless the candidate brings it up. But after this week, any job candidate would be wise to ask their potential employer about his/her/its (in the case of corporations) religious beliefs.

Who one works for is increasingly determining not only what health care coverage you have but also what laws you have to follow and what legal protections you have.…

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Fact vs. Fiction: Judge Upholds Barring Unvaccinated Children from Public Schools Fri, 27 Jun 2014 17:31:45 +0000 by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

Vaccination is one of the great success stories of public health. People who receive vaccinations against disease are far less likely to contract that disease. In 1900, 30.4% of all deaths from infectious disease were to children under the age of 5 and the top three causes of death were pneumonia, tuberculosis and diarrhea-enteritis. By 2010, the only infectious disease in the top ten list was influenza and pneumonia at 9th place. In 2012, 91.4% of adolescents are immunized for measles, mumps & rubella, 92.8% for Hep B, and many others.…

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MEDICAL FUTILITY, THEN AND NOW Mon, 16 Jun 2014 17:22:16 +0000 by Barron H. Lerner, M.D., Ph.D.

When an article promoting the idea of medical futility appeared in the Annals of Internal Medicine in 1990, my father was thrilled.  He believed the term was an apt description of the end-stage cases he too often saw as an infectious diseases consultant, in which he was expected to prescribe progressively more complicated antibiotic regimens to severely ill patients with no hope of recovery.

The concept of medical futility has achieved mixed success.  Advocates have promoted it as a way to discourage aggressive treatment of medical conditions that are not reversible. …

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Patient and Citizen Participation in Health: The Need for Improved Ethical Support Thu, 05 Jun 2014 16:58:01 +0000 0 Trigger Warning: This Post May Ask You To Think Thu, 29 May 2014 22:31:47 +0000 by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

Unless you spend time looking at news and blogs on academia, you may have missed the most recent debate over the use of “Trigger Warnings” in college courses. These are notices in a syllabus that a class in general or a session in particular will be dealing with material that some individuals may find disturbing or that may trigger them to re-experience a past trauma.  Such warnings alert readers that they might find a posting to cause a negative reaction.…

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What we are forgetting in the case of Jahi McMath: Culture and its impact on medical decision-making Tue, 20 May 2014 06:35:09 +0000 by Keisha Ray, Ph.D.

Like many others, I followed the very unfortunate case of Jahi McMath. McMath is a 13 year-old black child who went into cardiac arrest and suffered irreparable brain damage after undergoing a tonsillectomy to relieve sleep apnea. Her story was frequently in the news as a battle between Children’s Hospital Oakland, where her surgery was held and whose recommendation to discontinue all life-saving practices conflicted with her parents’ desires to keep her on life support. This battle of conflicting desires has different components, with the major components being legal and medical.…

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N.I.H. Tells Researchers to End Sex Bias in Early Studies Wed, 14 May 2014 21:15:24 +0000 0 Ethical Conditions for Transnational Gestational Surrogacy in Asia Tue, 13 May 2014 18:06:40 +0000 0 U.S. Views of Technology and the Future Tue, 22 Apr 2014 16:49:53 +0000 0 National Health Care Decisions: A Week of Dying in America Thu, 17 Apr 2014 21:26:41 +0000 by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

This week is host is National Healthcare Decisions Day. The goal of this April 16th event is to “inspire, educate, and empower the public and providers about the importance of advance care planning.” Events are being held nation-wide to encourage people to complete advance directive forms as well as to have conversations with their friends and family about end-of-life health care wishes.

The latest study shows that 26% of people in general have completed advance directives.…

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Pharmaceutical or Illegal Drug: The Bizarre Case of Marijuana Thu, 10 Apr 2014 05:45:27 +0000 by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

After gay marriage, one of the most controversial issues in the United States today is the issue of marijuana. Twenty-one states have passed laws or referendums legalizing the use of marijuana for medical purposes. Two states (Washington and Colorado) have legalized small amounts of marijuana for recreational use. Sixteen other states have pending legislation. Some of these states allow physicians to prescribe it while others permit physicians to recommend it by certifying that a patient has a qualifying condition.…

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Hawaii police urge lawmakers to let undercover cops have sex with prostitutes Fri, 21 Mar 2014 18:46:20 +0000 0 10 Happy Ways to Celebrate the International Day of Happiness Thu, 20 Mar 2014 17:44:58 +0000 0 My Neighborhood Makes It Easier to Get Pregnant Than To Go To College Thu, 20 Mar 2014 17:43:01 +0000 0 The Ethics of Advertising for Health Care Services Wed, 19 Mar 2014 19:26:00 +0000 0 Health conspiracy theories are widely believed Wed, 19 Mar 2014 19:01:38 +0000 0 Military wife drops more than 100 pounds to surprise husband Mon, 17 Mar 2014 23:03:09 +0000 0 Americans believe marijuana is LESS harmful than sugar, says new survey Thu, 13 Mar 2014 19:47:18 +0000 0 In a bad mood? Your social networks might be to blame Thu, 13 Mar 2014 19:44:00 +0000 0 6 Proposals Denying Service to Gays You Haven’t Heard About Thu, 06 Mar 2014 19:01:02 +0000 0 Women Still Left Out of Medical Research: Report Mon, 03 Mar 2014 21:08:33 +0000 0 Intersextion: Germany Allows Parents to Choose “No Sex” on Birth Certificate Wed, 26 Feb 2014 23:48:23 +0000 by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

In Jeffrey Eugenides Pulitzer-Prize winning novel Middlesex, readers are introduced to a protagonist, Cal Stephanides, who is male with female traits. This best seller helped to bring into the mainstream consciousness the notion of people who are born intersex—having characteristics of male and female sex organs. Or more generally, a person born with sex organs that fall outside what is considered the male or female norm. For example, a girl with a very large clitoris, or a boy with a very small penis or scrotum that looks more like labia.…

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Freedom for the corporation, religious servitude for the individual Tue, 18 Feb 2014 07:16:49 +0000 by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

Many women in this country gained insurance coverage for their contraceptive costs under the controversial Affordable Care Act (ACA). One of the many challenges that have been levied against this law is the so-called contraceptive mandate, a requirement that all employer-sponsored plans cover the costs of contraceptives.

When it was announced, this mandate caused uproar from religious communities that believe contraception is immoral. In response, the Obama Administration altered the ACA to exempt health plans sponsored by religious employers, mostly houses of worship, from using their funds to pay for contraception.…

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Teen Pregnancy Rates Much Higher for Girls With Serious Mental Illness: Study Mon, 10 Feb 2014 23:44:47 +0000 0 Brave New Love: The Threat of High-Tech “Conversion” Therapy and the Bio-Oppression of Sexual Minorities Thu, 06 Feb 2014 22:09:16 +0000 0 Drug traffickers deal lethal blow to Central American forests, study says Fri, 31 Jan 2014 20:47:20 +0000 0 Obama: Marijuana No More Dangerous Than Alcohol Tue, 21 Jan 2014 18:01:30 +0000 0 Racism May Speed Cellular Aging In African American Men Wed, 08 Jan 2014 00:50:44 +0000 0 Distinguishing Science from Nonsense Tue, 31 Dec 2013 21:18:46 +0000 by Arthur Caplan, Ph.D.

As Americans enter 2014 there is grave concern among our political leaders that we are lagging behind other nations in terms of our children’s’ scientific literacy.  This past December an international survey confirmed—too many American kids don’t understand science and they continue to fall behind children from other nations, many much poorer than we are in science and math skills.

Students in the United States slipped deeper in the last international science literacy rankings amid fast-growing competition abroad. …

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Can Hazing Make a Team Stronger? Wed, 13 Nov 2013 21:27:15 +0000 0 U.S. directed medical professionals to ignore ethics, abuse detainees, report says Wed, 06 Nov 2013 21:37:38 +0000 0 If I Could Just Stop Loving You: Anti-Love Biotechnology and the Ethics of a Chemical Breakup Tue, 05 Nov 2013 19:19:02 +0000 0 The Difficult Case of Voluntariness as Autonomy in Anti-Love Biotechnology Tue, 05 Nov 2013 19:10:04 +0000 0 Ban on Gay Bias Gains Ground in Senate Wed, 30 Oct 2013 20:23:27 +0000 0 Growing Up Poor Changes Young Brains Mon, 28 Oct 2013 23:31:48 +0000 0 Catholic chaplains given marching orders barring service to gay couples Wed, 25 Sep 2013 20:43:32 +0000 0 How Young is Too Young: Bariatric Surgery in Toddlers Tue, 24 Sep 2013 07:13:02 +0000 by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

The Oxford American Dictionary defines the term “outrageous” as “shockingly bad or excessive.” Case in point, a recent publication in the International Journal of Surgery Case Reports about a two-and-a-half year old boy in Saudi Arabia who two years ago underwent laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). The toddler is the youngest patient to ever receive this therapy.

In LSG surgery, the surgeon reduces the stomach’s volume by 80 percent. Because of the smaller area, the patient ingests less and eventually with proper diet and exercise, loses weight.…

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American Scientists Attempt to Sequence John Lennon’s Genetic Code from the Beatle’s Tooth Wed, 21 Aug 2013 17:23:43 +0000 0 Judge: Woman with Down syndrome can live with friends Tue, 20 Aug 2013 19:00:39 +0000 0 Virginia woman with Down syndrome becomes hero to the disabled Tue, 20 Aug 2013 18:55:21 +0000 0 War on Drugs Ceasefire Fri, 16 Aug 2013 06:14:23 +0000 Craig M. Klugman, Ph.D.

In 1971, President Richard Nixon declared a war on drugs. Specifically he said that drug abuse was “public enemy number one in the United States.” This past week, U.S. Attorney General Eric Holder declared changes in how his department prosecutes drug crimes. He will seek alternatives to incarceration and avoid mandatory minimum sentences that come with specific drug-related charges for those who commit low-level, nonviolent crimes unrelated to gangs or larger organizations. Some pundits have declared that this is the end of the war.

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NYC stop-and-frisk policy violates civil rights, judge rules; outside monitor appointed Mon, 12 Aug 2013 19:25:04 +0000 0 RAPE AND ABORTION: NEGATING A MYTH Thu, 25 Jul 2013 20:42:17 +0000 Sabine Hildebrandt, MD
William Seidelman, MD
Arthur Caplan, PhD

A recurring assertion in the ongoing debate on abortion in the United States is the statement that pregnancy is an uncommon consequence of rape. Rep. Trent Franks, R-Ariz., has recently argued on the floor of the House of Representatives that an exception for rape wasn’t necessary in a proposed law banning abortions after 20 weeks because “the incidence of rape resulting in pregnancy are very low.”

Why do so many Americans believe this claim?…

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Pride in A Health Care System Tue, 23 Jul 2013 23:32:35 +0000 Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

This past month I was fortunate to spend several weeks touring northern Europe with my family. These are the lands of the midnight sun, where smoked salmon is more popular than hamburgers, and where a summer temperature of 75 is unseasonably warm. Besides meeting some wonderful people, absorbing fascinating history, and viewing beautiful scenery, I was amazed that most people I met wanted to talk about their health care system. In Denmark, Finland, Sweden, and Poland tour guides would regale us with tales of battles and churches, and talk about how much they loved their state-run health care system.…

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Ethical Quandary About Vaccinations Sparked by Tension Between Parental Rights and Protecting Public Health Tue, 09 Jul 2013 18:33:15 +0000 0