Hot Topics: Health Disparities

Blog Posts (69)

October 22, 2018

The One Health Approach to Zoonotic Emerging Infectious Diseases

The following post can also be found in the October 2018
issue of the American Journal of Bioethics.

by Ariadne Nichol and David Magnus, Ph.D.

August 28, 2018

Fear of Practitioner Bias and Confidentiality Breaches are Barriers to HIV Prevention among Transgender Youth, Study Finds

Celia B. Fisher, PhD, Director of Fordham University’s Center of Ethics and Education, explores transgender youth healthcare and HIV prevention in a recently published article titled:  Perceived Barriers to HIV Prevention Services for Transgender Youth. The article, published in the journal LGBT Health, examines the perceptions that transgender youth have of primary care providers, specifically […]
August 28, 2018

Fear of Practitioner Bias and Confidentiality Breaches are Barriers to HIV Prevention among Transgender Youth, Study Finds

Celia B. Fisher, PhD, Director of Fordham University’s Center of Ethics and Education, explores transgender youth healthcare and HIV prevention in a recently published article titled:  Perceived Barriers to HIV Prevention Services for Transgender Youth. The article, published in the journal LGBT Health, examines the perceptions that transgender youth have of primary care providers, specifically […]
August 7, 2018

Popular Insurance Pre-Existing Conditions Ban Under Threat

by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

Do you have pre-existing health conditions? Approximately 23 percent of Americans do.

According to the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, a pre-existing condition is “a medical condition that occurred before a program of health benefits went into effect.

April 25, 2018

Fordham University’s Dr. Celia Fisher on Patient-Provider Communications with Gay Teens

Fordham University’s Celia Fisher, PhD was the Principal Investigator on a recently completed quantitative study that resulted in a paper published in the journal AIDS and Behavior titled “Patient-Provider Communication Barriers and Facilitators to HIV and STI Preventive Services for Adolescent MSM.” The purpose of this study was to explore adolescent men who have sex with men (AMSM) […]
April 17, 2018

The End is Nigh: Bioethics and Antibiotic Resistance

by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

 ‘We’re out of Options’: Doctors Battle Drug-Resistant Typhoid Outbreak – 13 April 2018

New Concerns Over ‘Super Gonorrhea’ That’s Resistant to All Drugs – 4 April 2018

‘Nightmare’ bacteria, resistant to almost every drug, stalk U.S.

April 11, 2018

White Privilege & Playing It Safe

by Denise M. Dudzinski, PhD MTS

In March of 2016 AJOB published an article, Bioethicists Can and Should Contribute to Addressing Racism.…

March 22, 2018

BioethicsTV (March 19-23): The Good Doctor, The Resident, Chicago Med

by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

The Good Doctor (Season 1; Episode 17): Cost of healthcare, stealing identities, dating patients; The Resident (Season 1; Episode 8): Patient Dumping; Chicago Med (Season 3; Episode 12): Pedophilia; Cherry-picking; ECMO; teenage pregnancy

The Good Doctor (Season 1; Episode 17): Cost of healthcare, stealing identities, dating patients

In the first storyline,  a patient, “Lucy,” comes to the ER with a post-op infection: She never filled her antibiotic prescription.…

January 23, 2018

BioethicsTV (January 21-22, 2018): The Resident-Our Most Unethical Hospital System

The Resident (Season 1; Episode 1): The Most Unethical Hospital Ever

This new Fox show begins with newly minted MD Devon Pravesh’s first day at a fictional Atlanta hospital.…

January 16, 2018

Black Women are Dying in Disproportionate Numbers During and After Giving Birth and not even Celebrity Serena Williams is Safe

by Keisha Ray, Ph.D.

In a previous blog I wrote about racial disparities in health and health care in which black patients fare much worse than white patients, including worse health outcomes.…

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Published Articles (22)

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 18 Issue 10 - Oct 2018

Shrinking Poor White Life Spans: Class, Race, and Health Justice Erika Blacksher

AJOB Neuroscience: Volume 18 Issue 3 - Sep 2018

Punishing Intentions and Neurointerventions David Birks & Alena Buyx

AJOB Neuroscience: Volume 18 Issue 3 - Sep 2018

Neurointerventions: Punishment, Mental Integrity, and Intentions Peter Vallentyne

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 18 Issue 7 - Jul 2018

Uterus Transplantation: The Ethics of Using Deceased Versus Living Donors Bethany Bruno & Kavita Shah Arora

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 18 Issue 1 - Jun 2018

White Privilege and Playing It Safe Denise M. Dudzinski

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 18 Issue 5 - May 2018

Why Bioethics Should Be Concerned With Medically Unexplained Symptoms Diane O'Leary

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 18 Issue 5 - May 2018

What's in a Name? The Ethical Importance of Respecting a Patient's “Unexplained” Medical Concerns Kayhan Parsi & Nanette Elster

AJOB Primary Research: Volume 8 Issue 1 - Mar 2018

Same behavior, different provider: American medical students' attitudes toward reporting risky behaviors committed by doctors, nurses, and classmates Sahil Aggarwal & Aaron Kheriaty

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 18 Issue 3 - Mar 2018

Ethical Dilemmas in Protecting Susceptible Subpopulations From Environmental Health Risks: Liberty, Utility, Fairness, and Accountability for Reasonableness David B. Resnik, D. Robert MacDougall & Elise M. Smith

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 17 Issue 11 - Nov 2017

The Rescinding of DACA: What Should Healthcare Professionals and Academics Do? (and Why?) Mark G. Kuczewski & Danish Zaidi

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News (124)

December 6, 2018 9:00 am

If you’re single with cancer, you may get less aggressive treatment than a married person (The Washington Post)

If you are divorced, widowed or never married and develop cancer, watch out. You may get less aggressive treatment than your married friends.

We’ve often heard about studies showing that married adults are more likely to survive cancer than singles. But buried in those same studies is another finding that hasn’t made the headlines. When surgery or radiotherapy is the treatment of choice, patients with spouses are more likely to get it.

November 21, 2018 9:51 am

How Do Wishes Granted To Very Sick Kids Affect Their Health? (National Public Radio)

The children granted wishes were substantially less likely to visit the emergency department or to have an unplanned hospital admission within two years as compared with children who hadn’t received wishes. (Researchers matched the children’s personal and disease characteristics in the study.)

“My hypothesis is that these kids, when they come back, are more engaged with their families and medical providers, and perhaps they’re more adherent to their treatment plan,” says the study’s lead author Dr. Anup D. Patel, section chief of neurology at Nationwide Children’s Hospital and an associate professor of pediatrics at Ohio State University College of Medicine in Columbus.

November 8, 2018 9:00 am

F.D.A. Approves Powerful New Opioid Despite Warnings of Likely Abuse (The New York Times)

The Food and Drug Administration on Friday approved a new form of an extremely potent opioid to manage acute pain in adults, weeks after the chairman of the advisory committee that reviewed it asked the agency to reject it on grounds that it would likely be abused.

November 7, 2018 9:00 am

In Congo’s Ebola Outbreak, Experimental Treatments Are Proving Effective (The New York Times)

Effective treatments, combined with a new vaccine, may revolutionize efforts to turn back Ebola, one of the world’s deadliest plagues. The vaccine itself protects health care workers tending to patients, as well as family members and others who have been in contact with them and may be infected.

November 2, 2018 9:00 am

Aging can be hard for those in the trans community (The Washington Post)

“We were both aware that in the LGBTQ world, there’s a fair amount of ageism and lack of awareness about aging, and in the aging world there’s a fair amount of homophobia and transphobia and lack of awareness of LGBTQ issues, especially trans identities.”

October 3, 2018 6:00 pm

Race, Ancestry, and Medical Research (JAMA)

The discussion of race and medicine in the United States is challenging and emotionally charged. Substantial disparities in health outcomes, based on race, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status, continue to exist; additional reports of racial bias and profound insensitivity in research continue to emerge in the popular media. A renewed discussion of race as a biological vs social construct has begun and is complicated by emerging data on genetics, race, and ancestry.

October 2, 2018 3:47 pm

AAMC Statement on Proposed Changes to Public Charge Rule (AAMC)

The AAMC issued a statement on the Department of Homeland Security’s proposed changes to how and whether immigrants can be classified as a public charge. “The AAMC and the nation’s medical schools and teaching hospitals are opposed to any policy that discourages people from pursuing medical care to which they are legally entitled. The proposed new rule would create a system where individuals are penalized for using health programs for which they legally qualify and could cause them to forgo crucial medical care, bringing with it all the health consequences that could follow. Teaching hospitals treat a disproportionate share of Medicaid patients, and we know from firsthand experience that access to care is key to ensuring that the nation’s patients have the stability and continuity of care that leads to better health outcomes,” said AAMC President and CEO Darrell G. Kirch, MD.
September 11, 2018 9:00 am

23andMe may offer costly premium DNA spit-test service (Mercury News)

Mountain View spit-kit DNA testing firm 23andMe wants to know how deep you want to go into your genome, and how much you’re willing to pay. The company currently sells $100 ancestry tests and $200 tests that cover ancestry and health. But according to a new report, 23andMe has been market-testing a deeper dive into personal genetics.

August 8, 2018 9:00 am

These tiny, stretchy speakers and microphones let your skin play music (Science)

If you’re prone to forgetting your headphones, new wearable technology that could turn your skin into a speaker should be music to your ears. Created in part to help the hearing and speech impaired, the new “smart skin” could be embedded into the ears—or into a patch on the throat. A similar device, described in the same study, acts as a microphone, which can be connected to smartphones and computers to unlock voice-activated security systems.

July 2, 2018 7:41 am

Federal Judge Blocks Medicaid Work Requirements In Kentucky (NPR)

A federal judge has blocked work requirements for Medicaid patients in Kentucky, just days before new rules mandated by Gov. Matt Bevin’s administration were set to go into effect.

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