Hot Topics: Informed Consent

Blog Posts (66)

December 4, 2017

The Idea of a “Standard View” of Informed Consent

This editorial is re-posted from the December 2017 issue of the American Journal of Bioethics. You can read more on this topic through the target article and open peer commentaries

November 17, 2017

BioethicsTV (November 12-17): Obligation to treat, assisting suicide, autonomy, and prejudice

Outlander (Season 3; Episode 9): Obligation to treat
In this time travel love story, Dr. Claire finds her ship crossing the Atlantic in the 1700s is stopped by a British Naval ship afflicted with “Ship’s Fever.” Her husband does not want her to go aboard the Navy vessel, fearing that she will be separated from him and be away from his protection.…

November 14, 2017

Re-structuring the patient-provider communication process to empower patients

This post is written in response to Ubel, Scherr and Fagerlin’s target article, “Empowerment Failure: How Shortcomings in Physician Communication Unwittingly Undermine Patient Autonomy” published in the November 2017 issue of The American Journal of Bioethics.

November 4, 2017

BioethicsTV (October 29-November 3): Decision-makers, Boundary Issues; Errors; and Double Effect

by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

The Good Doctor (Season 1; Episode 6): Who Chooses; Experimental Treatment; Boundary Crossing; Hiding Errors

A bus crash carrying a wedding party leads to a mass casualty incident.…

October 27, 2017

BioethicsTV (October 16-27, 2017): Maternal-Fetal Conflict, Trolley Car Dilemma & Lying

by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

The Good Doctor (Season 1; Episode 4): Maternal-Fetal Conflict

Although the focus of this show is supposedly the neuro-different resident, what it does very well is pose and debate ethical issues.…

October 5, 2017

Livestreaming Surgery: New guidelines raise questions of who benefits

by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

The Internet and social media have raised hosts of new ethical issues in the health care world: Should doctors friend their patients?

October 3, 2017

Fordham University’s Dr. Celia Fisher Discusses What the Revised Common Rule Means for Informed Consent in Medical Ethics Advisor

The Federal Policy for the Protection of Human Subjects, or the Common Rule was revised earlier this year and is set to be effective on January 19th, 2018. The Common Rule was created in 1991 to “better protect human subjects involved in research, while facilitating valuable research and reducing burden, delay, and ambiguity for investigators.” … More Fordham University’s Dr. Celia Fisher Discusses What the Revised Common Rule Means for Informed Consent in Medical Ethics Advisor
September 29, 2017

BIOETHICSTV: Gender-change surgery; coercing consent; conflict of interest and impaired judgement

by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

Late September means the beginning of a new television year. This week saw the return for the 14th season of Grey’s Anatomy and the introduction of a new medical drama, The Good Doctor.

September 15, 2017

Medical Gawking Case Points to Need for Culture Change

by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

According to a news report in The Washington Post, a number of medical staff at a Pittsburgh hospital have been reprimanded over a gross violation of a patient’s privacy.…

September 8, 2017

“She Can’t Help The Choices She Makes”

STUDENT VOICES | CHYNN PRIZE FIRST-PLACE WINNER By Madeleine Cardona I will never forget the day my mother got diagnosed. I could swear that just yesterday I was thirteen years old waiting anxiously to be called in from the waiting room of some fancy New York State doctor’s office. I was young, but I had … More “She Can’t Help The Choices She Makes”

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Published Articles (38)

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 17 Issue 11 - Nov 2017

Empowerment Failure: How Shortcomings in Physician Communication Unwittingly Undermine Patient Autonomy Peter A. Ubel, Karen A. Scherr & Angela Fagerlin

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 17 Issue 11 - Nov 2017

Reasons to Amplify the Role of Parental Permission in Pediatric Treatment Mark Christopher Navin & Jason Adam Wasserman

AJOB Primary Research: Volume 8 Issue 3 - Sep 2017

A randomized study of a method for optimizing adolescent assent to biomedical research Robert D. Annett PhD, Janet L. Brody, David G. Scherer, Charles W. Turner, Jeanne Dalen & Hengameh Raissy

AJOB Primary Research: Volume 8 Issue 3 - Sep 2017

Improving informed consent: Stakeholder views Emily E. Anderson, Susan B. Newman & Alicia K. Matthews

AJOB Primary Research: Volume 8 Issue 3 - Sep 2017

Is it important to disclose how treatments are selected in clinical research and clinical care? Rahul K. Nayak & David Wendler

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 17 Issue 7 - Jul 2017

The Final Rule: When the Rubber Meets the Road P. Pearl O'Rourke

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 17 Issue 7 - Jul 2017

Examining Provisions Related to Consent in the Revised Common Rule Jeremy Sugarman

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 17 Issue 7 - Jul 2017

Rethinking the Belmont Report? Phoebe Friesen, Lisa Kearns, Barbara Redman & Arthur L. Caplan

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 17 Issue 6 - Jun 2017

When Respecting Autonomy Is Harmful: A Clinically Useful Approach to the Nocebo Effect John T. Fortunato, Jason Adam Wasserman & Daniel Londyn Menkes

AJOB Primary Research: Volume 8 Issue 2 - Apr 2017

Perspectives of IRB chairs on the informed consent process Eugene I. Kane III & Joseph J. Gallo

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News (27)

November 9, 2017 9:00 am

Infusions of young blood tested in patients with dementia (Nature)

The first controlled, but controversial and small, clinical trial of giving young blood to people with dementia has reported that the procedure appears safe. It has also hinted that it may even produce modest improvements in the daily lives of people who have Alzheimer’s disease.

June 14, 2017 9:00 am

Heaven over hospital: Dying girl, age 5, makes a choice (CNN)

Julianna Snow is dying of an incurable disease. She’s stable at the moment, but any germ that comes her way, even just the common cold virus, could kill her. She’s told her parents that the next time this happens, she wants to die at home instead of going to the hospital for treatment. If Julianna were an adult, there would be no debate about her case: She would get to decide when to say “enough” to medical care and be allowed to die. But Julianna is 5 years old. Should her parents have let her know how grave her situation is? Should they have asked her about her end-of-life wishes? And now that those wishes are known, should her parents heed them?
May 19, 2017 9:00 am

For Tuskegee Syphilis Study Descendants, Stigma Hasn't Faded (The New York Times)

For 40 years starting in 1932, medical workers in the segregated South withheld treatment for unsuspecting men infected with a sexually transmitted disease simply so doctors could track the ravages of the horrid illness and dissect their bodies afterward. Finally exposed in 1972 , the study ended and the men sued, resulting in a $9 million settlement. Twenty years ago this May, President Bill Clinton apologized for the U.S. government. It seemed to mark the end of this ugly episode, once and for all. Except it didn’t.

April 6, 2017 9:00 am

Trump Completes Repeal of Online Privacy Protections From Obama Era (Washington Post)

President Trump on Monday signed a congressional resolution to complete the overturning of internet privacy protections created by the Federal Communications Commission during the Obama administration. The change will allow broadband internet service suppliers, such as cable and telecommunications companies, to track and sell a customer’s online information with greater ease.

March 23, 2017 9:00 am

San people of Africa draft code of ethics for researchers (Science)

The San people of Southern Africa are among the closest living relatives of our hunting and gathering ancestors. Scientists have flocked to study their age-old rituals and ancient genetic fingerprints. Now, after more than a century of being scrutinized by science, the San are demanding something back. Earlier this month the group unveiled a code of ethics for researchers wishing to study their culture, genes, or heritage.

March 20, 2017 9:00 am

Informed Patient? Don’t Bet On It (New York Times)

As doctors, our goal is to help you, of course, and to do no harm. But we may actually hurt you, irreversibly. Not that this happens frequently, but it might. How does that sound? Ready to take the plunge? The secret is that informed consent in health care is commonly not-so-well informed. It might be a document we ask you to sign, at the behest of our lawyers, in case we end up in court if a bad outcome happens. Unfortunately, it’s often not really about informing you.

February 10, 2017 9:00 am

Brain researchers fight National Hockey League’s demand for records (Science)

A pair of Boston University (BU) brain researchers is pushing back against demands by the National Hockey League (NHL) that they release data, brain pathology slides, and interview records of former NHL players and their families. The scientists accumulated the records during their research on chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), a neurodegenerative disease that has been linked to repetitive head trauma.

January 20, 2017 9:00 am

How Science Is Helping Us Understand Gender (National Geographic)

A “neutral space” is a hard thing for a teenager to carve out: Biology has a habit of declaring itself eventually. Sometimes, though, biology can be put on hold for a while with puberty-blocking drugs that can buy time for gender-questioning children.

January 20, 2017 9:00 am

New Common Rule on the Federal Policy for the Protection of Human Subjects (Federal Register)

The departments and agencies listed in this document announce revisions to modernize, strengthen, and make more effective the Federal Policy for the Protection of Human Subjects that was originally promulgated as a Common Rule in 1991. This final rule is intended to better protect human subjects involved in research, while facilitating valuable research and reducing burden, delay, and ambiguity for investigators.

October 21, 2016 8:00 am

The dangers of euthanasia-on-demand (Chicago Tribune)

If the Dutch Cabinet gets what it wants, citizens who feel they have a “completed life” soon will be able to request public support for help in ending their lives. It is a frightening precedent that other nations ought not follow, and a policy the Dutch ought to reject.

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