Hot Topics: Neuroethics

Blog Posts (30)

October 14, 2014

Cognitive (neuro)science and bioethics

by J.S. Blumenthal-Barby, Ph.D.

In a recent article in Ethics, “Beyond Point-and-Shoot Morality: Why Cognitive (Neuro)Science Matters for Ethics,” Josh Greene argues that empirical research in moral judgment has significant relevance for normative ethics in that it (1) exposes the inner workings of our moral judgments, revealing that we should have less confidence in some of our judgments and the ethical theories that are based on them, and (2) informs us of where we tend to rely on intuition or automatic processing (which is often heavily emotive), but ought to rely more manual, controlled processing (such as consequentialist reasoning).…

September 9, 2014

What Should We Forget?

In January MIT announced a research study published in the journal Cell that reported a way to erase traumatic memories in lab mice using a drug that makes the brain “more plastic, more capable of forming very strong new memories that will override the old fearful memories.” MIT opened its story by referring to “nearly 8 million Americans [who] suffer from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD),”... // Read More »
April 29, 2014

The Price of Consciousness

<p>Earlier this month, the New York Times (NYT) reported on individuals in a minimally conscious state (MCS). Although the article headed: ‘<a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2014/04/16/health/pet-scans-found-to-clarify-vegetative-state.html">PET Scans offer clues on Vegetative States</a>’, its contents addressed the technologies around MCS: a ‘<a href="https://www.neurology.org/content/58/3/349.full">newly</a>’ diagnosed state of consciousness. The paper commented that PET scans would be more beneficial than functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (functional M.R.I.) in diagnosing this state. Around the same time, the NYT published a paper that headed: ‘<a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2014/04/18/business/treatment-cost-could-influence-doctors-advice.html">Cost of treatment may influence doctors</a>’. This paper quoted a doc saying: “There should be forces in society who should be concerned about the budget, about how many M.R.I.s we do, but they shouldn’t be functioning simultaneously as doctors,”</p> <p>In this blog post I want to focus on the cost and price of consciousness. I do not only want to focus on the economic costs, but also on costs in a more holistic sense, including the psychological and emotional costs. In the end, I want to ask you: how much is consciousness worth to you?</p> <p><strong style="color: #34405b; font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 12px; line-height: 20px;">The Alden March Bioethics Institute offers a Master of Science in Bioethics, a Doctorate of Professional Studies in Bioethics, and Graduate Certificates in Clinical Ethics and Clinical Ethics Consultation. For more information on AMBI's online graduate programs, please visit our <a style="text-decoration: underline; color: #000099;" href="http://www.amc.edu/Academic/bioethics/index.cfm">website</a>.bvg</strong></p>
April 11, 2014

What Price Immortality? Privately Funded Projects and the Prolongation of Life

By Richard Koo, Bioethics Program Alum (MS Bioethics 2011) and Adjunct Faculty Seemingly ripped from the covers of comic books, no less than three privately funded projects seeking the prolongation of human life have been publicized in the past year. The 2045 Initiative, dubbed “the Avatar Project”, is arguably the most futuristic and non-traditional of the […]
April 11, 2014

What Price Immortality? Privately Funded Projects and the Prolongation of Life

By Richard Koo, Bioethics Program Alum (MS Bioethics 2011) and Adjunct Faculty Seemingly ripped from the covers of comic books, no less than three privately funded projects seeking the prolongation of human life have been publicized in the past year. The 2045 Initiative, dubbed “the Avatar Project”, is arguably the most futuristic and non-traditional of the […]
September 4, 2013

Media Meld: Science, Credit and Peer-Review

by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

Last week, a research team at the University of Washington announced what they jokingly refered to as a “Vulcan mind meld.” For those of you who are not Star Trek aficionados, that fictional process is where a Vulcan can reach into the mind of another Vulcan or human to understand and read that other mind.…

August 30, 2013

Faster Than the Speed of Thought

by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

In the 1983 comedic film, The Man with Two Brains,”  Steve Martin’s character falls in love with a female brain preserved in a jar.…

February 7, 2013

AJOB Neuroscience 2013 issue 1 is here!!!

This year’s first issue of
AJOB Neuroscience includes:

COGNITIVE ENHANCEMENT AND EMOTION

RECONSIDERING DEEP BRAIN STIMULATION

MINIMALLY CONSCIOUS AND END-OF-LIFE CARE

July 31, 2012

Patenting (part of) the brain?

I have recently become aware of the news that a company has patented regional brain responses to “appeal” and “engagement”. Through the scarcity of the material presented, it is really hard to get an idea of what the patent really entails. But from the sound of it, we are suggested that the patent is about […]
March 9, 2012

DIY mobile EEG – real-time tracking in the store

OK here goes. A brief time ago we recorded real-time EEG while a person walked and shopped in a grocery store. An abbreviated version of the movie can be seen here. As you can see, besides the large frame showing what the person is oriented towards (although there is no eye-tracking) the smaller right hand […]

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Published Articles (79)

AJOB Neuroscience: Volume 5 Issue 2 - Mar 2014

Controlling Bias in Forensic Radiology Carolyn Meltzer & John Banja

AJOB Neuroscience: Volume 5 Issue 2 - Mar 2014

Brain Imaging in the Courtroom: The Quest for Legal Relevance Stephen J. Morse

AJOB Neuroscience: Volume 5 Issue 2 - Mar 2014

Daubert, Frye and DTI: Hijacking the Right to Trial by Jury William G. Jungbauer & Christopher W. Bowman

AJOB Neuroscience: Volume 5 Issue 2 - Mar 2014

The Potential for Medicolegal Abuse: Diffusion Tensor Imaging in Traumatic Brain Injury Hal S. Wortzel, A. John Tsiouris & Christopher G. Filippi

AJOB Neuroscience: Volume 5 Issue 2 - Mar 2014

Neuroimaging, Expert Witnesses, and Ethics: Convergence and Conflict in the Courtroom Leonard Berlin

AJOB Neuroscience: Volume 5 Issue 2 - Mar 2014

If You Have Any Questions or Concerns, Please Contact… Peter Kalina

AJOB Neuroscience: Volume 5 Issue 1 - Jan 2014

Thinking Ahead on Deep Brain Stimulation: An Analysis of the Ethical Implications of a Developing Technology Veronica Johansson, Martin Garwicz, Martin Kanje , Lena Halldenius & Jens Schouenborg

AJOB Neuroscience: Volume 5 Issue 1 - Jan 2014

Brave New Love: The Threat of High-Tech “Conversion” Therapy and the Bio-Oppression of Sexual Minorities Brian D. Earp, Anders Sandberg & Julian Savulescu

AJOB Neuroscience: Volume 5 Issue 1 - Jan 2014

A Technological Fix for the Self? How Neurotechnologies Shape Who We Are and Whom We Love Felicitas Kraemer

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 13 Issue 11 - Nov 2013

If I Could Just Stop Loving You: Anti-Love Biotechnology and the Ethics of a Chemical Breakup Brian D. Earp, Olga A. Wudarczyk, Anders Sandberg & Julian Savulescu

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News (407)

November 17, 2014 6:37 pm

Schools’ preparedness for kids after concussion can vary

When kids are ready to resume classes after being out for a concussion, schools’ preparedness to handle them can vary widely, a new study suggests.

October 6, 2014 12:44 pm

Nobel prize in medicine awarded for discovery of brain’s ‘GPS’

Three scientists, including a husband-and-wife team, have been awarded this year’s Nobel Prize in Medicine for deciphering the mechanism in the brain that allows us to find our way around.

September 22, 2014 4:17 pm

A brain wave test could diagnose autistic kids more accurately — and earlier

A person poses with an electro-encephalography (EEG) cap, which measures brain activity, at the Technische Universitaet Muenchen near Munich. Autism researchers found promising signs that an EEG can be used to detect symptoms of autism in children and adolescents.

July 24, 2014 1:18 pm

Study: Dogs Experience Jealousy Emotion Too

old adage dogs are a man’s best friend may be truer than once thought, especially from the pooch’s perspective. In the first experimental test s of its kind, it was discovered that dogs experience jealousy just as humans do.

July 22, 2014 4:29 pm

Schizophrenia Linked to 108 Genes

It took 80,000 genetic samples, seven years and the work of 300 scientists from around the world, but scientists now have the most complete dossier on schizophrenia ever.

June 24, 2014 1:07 pm

It's time to get your brain in shape

From the outside, the human brain might not be much to look at. What makes it fascinating is hidden within, in the complicated circuitry of neurons that makes you who you are.

June 9, 2014 1:21 pm

Military Funds Brain-Computer Interfaces to Control Feelings

Researcher Jose Carmena has worked for years training macaque monkeys to move computer cursors and robotic limbs with their minds. He does so by implanting electrodes into their brains to monitor neural activity.

June 6, 2014 1:39 pm

The National Institutes of Health is Working to Launch the BRAIN Initiative

About a year ago, President Obama announced the “launch” of the Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies (BRAIN) Initiative. The National Institutes of Health approved an agenda and new funding plan on Thursday.

May 27, 2014 6:35 pm

New Venture Aims to Understand and Heal Disrupted Brain Circuitry to Treat Mental Illnesses

Scientists and physicians at UC San Francisco are leading a $26 million, multi-institutional research program in which they will employ advanced technology to characterize human brain networks and better understand and treat a range of common, debilitating psychiatric disorders, focusing first on anxiety disorders and major depression.

May 20, 2014 1:49 pm

Here come the rice-grain-sized brain implants: Stanford discovers way of beaming power to microimplants deep inside your body

Stanford electrical engineer and biological implant mastermind, Ada Poon, has discovered a way of wirelessly transmitting power to tiny, rice-grain-sized implants that are deep within the human body.

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