» Pediatrics Where the World Finds Bioethics Fri, 29 Aug 2014 19:11:13 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Brain Death Is a Flash Point in End-of-Life Law, Ethics and Policy Wed, 27 Aug 2014 15:00:08 +0000 by Thaddeus M. Pope, J.D., Ph.D.

The August 2014 issue of the American Journal of Bioethics includes nearly 20 articles on the status of death determined by neurological criteria (DDNC or “brain death”).  Not coincidentally, this summer, several other leading bioethics journals are also covering “brain death.”  (See recent and forthcoming articles in the Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics, the Hastings Center Report, and the Journal of Medical Ethics.)  I have myself contributed to a multi-article examination of the topic in the imminently forthcoming Journal of Clinical Ethics 25(3).…

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Do sleepy teens need later school start times? Pediatricians say yes Mon, 25 Aug 2014 22:41:02 +0000 0 California bill would let birth certificates reflect same-sex parents Thu, 21 Aug 2014 19:20:34 +0000 0 Australian couple ‘leave disabled baby with Thai surrogate’ Mon, 04 Aug 2014 20:32:35 +0000 0 Teen Cancer Survivor Needs New Teeth, Insurance Company Refuses to Pay Wed, 30 Jul 2014 21:14:42 +0000 0 Legalizing pot has not spurred use among U.S. teens: study Tue, 29 Jul 2014 20:29:23 +0000 0 Too few U.S. youth getting vaccine for sexually transmitted virus: CDC Thu, 24 Jul 2014 17:20:09 +0000 0 More U.S. teens’ report using human growth hormone, group says Wed, 23 Jul 2014 20:57:07 +0000 0 Babies of anxious mothers more likely to cry excessively: study Mon, 21 Jul 2014 20:34:34 +0000 0 Rates of abdominal obesity leveling off among kids Mon, 21 Jul 2014 17:33:30 +0000 0 Police Won’t Use Nude Photos of Va. Teen as Evidence in Sexting Case, Attorney Says Tue, 15 Jul 2014 18:35:22 +0000 0 Children Of Gay Parents Are Happier And Healthier Than Their Peers, New Study Finds Tue, 15 Jul 2014 18:20:00 +0000 0 Fact vs. Fiction: Judge Upholds Barring Unvaccinated Children from Public Schools Fri, 27 Jun 2014 17:31:45 +0000 by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

Vaccination is one of the great success stories of public health. People who receive vaccinations against disease are far less likely to contract that disease. In 1900, 30.4% of all deaths from infectious disease were to children under the age of 5 and the top three causes of death were pneumonia, tuberculosis and diarrhea-enteritis. By 2010, the only infectious disease in the top ten list was influenza and pneumonia at 9th place. In 2012, 91.4% of adolescents are immunized for measles, mumps & rubella, 92.8% for Hep B, and many others.…

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Cannabis may Help Prevent Seizures in Children with Severe Epilepsy Thu, 22 May 2014 20:26:26 +0000 0 What Is This Child Doing in Prison? Tue, 20 May 2014 23:49:14 +0000 0 U.S. children read, but not well or often: report Mon, 12 May 2014 18:57:14 +0000 0 Criminalizing harmful substance abuse during pregnancy: Is there a problem with that? Thu, 01 May 2014 17:11:14 +0000 0 Surge in Narcotic Prescriptions for Pregnant Women Fri, 18 Apr 2014 18:17:50 +0000 0 French School Carries out DNA Dragnet in Rape Case Thu, 17 Apr 2014 21:42:59 +0000 0 Manslaughter conviction for ‘negligent breastfeeding’ puts other mums at risk Thu, 17 Apr 2014 14:12:34 +0000 0 For kids, moving can be mentally tough Wed, 16 Apr 2014 18:09:57 +0000 0 Cute with a Good Story: Social Media Selects Experimental Subjects Tue, 01 Apr 2014 19:20:10 +0000 by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

For patients with a serious illness, accessing cutting edge drugs has just taken a new turn. In the past, a patient with cancer would undergo conventional treatments. If that failed, then he or she would be considered for a clinical trial of a new drug that may (or may not) have the potential to affect the disease. Entry into trials is strict with controls for potential subjects’ age, sex, type and stage of cancer, treatments already tried, and more.…

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Smoking bans can help kids’ health, researchers say Mon, 31 Mar 2014 19:55:12 +0000 0 Crowdsourcing medical decisions: Ethicists worry Josh Hardy case may set bad precedent Mon, 24 Mar 2014 18:34:20 +0000 0 Addressing the Ethical Challenges in Genetic Testing and Sequencing of Children Wed, 19 Mar 2014 19:18:24 +0000 0 Ethics and Empiricism in the Formation of Professional Guidelines Wed, 19 Mar 2014 19:10:58 +0000 0 Company Makes Drug Available To Ailing Boy Following Public Outcry Thu, 13 Mar 2014 19:41:34 +0000 0 Childhood secondhand smoke exposure damages arteries Wed, 05 Mar 2014 19:51:04 +0000 0 Smoking tied to changes in the structure of teen brains Mon, 03 Mar 2014 21:20:55 +0000 0 New APA autism guidelines ‘reduce diagnosis by more than 30%’ Wed, 26 Feb 2014 17:54:04 +0000 0 Obesity Drops Among Young Children in U.S., Report Says Wed, 26 Feb 2014 17:51:44 +0000 0 Autism-friendly travel now officially aboard Royal Caribbean cruises Tue, 25 Feb 2014 20:14:18 +0000 0 State Vaccination Exemption Policy Makes A Difference Sat, 22 Feb 2014 02:06:00 +0000 0 New York State to Limit Use of Solitary Confinement Wed, 19 Feb 2014 19:15:29 +0000 0 LIBERTY AND WHERE NOSES BEGIN–AN OPEN LETTER TO: The ACLU of Rhode Island Concerning Mandating Flu Vaccinations for Very Young Children Entering Daycare and Kindergarden Fri, 14 Feb 2014 20:00:09 +0000 From: Arthur Caplan and Dorit Reiss

SUBJECT: requiring the vaccination of children and workers in daycare and pre-K against the flu

In recent testimony submitted to the Public Health Department of Rhode Island, a representative of the Rhode Island ACLU spoke against the requirement to vaccinate Rhode Island’s children age six months to 5 years of age against the flu in order to enter daycare or pre-kindergarten. Under the rule, annual influenza vaccination would be mandatory for all children between 6 months and 59 months before entering preschool or day care programs.…

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The death of a loved one in childhood ‘affects adult mental health’ Wed, 22 Jan 2014 18:05:08 +0000 0 When Parents Disagree With the Doctor Tue, 10 Dec 2013 05:21:19 +0000 by Craig Klugman, PhD

“You are considered sane until you disagree with the doctor” is an old adage in clinical ethics circles. We rarely question a patient’s ability to make decisions if the patient’s choice agrees with what the physician wants. I have had several cases where I’ve been asked to look at capacity issues for a patient showing signs of dementia. When I asked who consented for that patient’s procedures to that point, the response was usually, “the patient.” This incongruence seemed to escape notice.…

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Exercise During Pregnancy Can Boost Your Baby’s Brain Mon, 11 Nov 2013 23:47:24 +0000 0 Childhood Music Lessons May Offer Lifelong Benefits Tue, 05 Nov 2013 22:21:15 +0000 0 Fast-food experts analyze 5,427 kids’ meals — only 33 are healthful Tue, 05 Nov 2013 22:19:07 +0000 0 Growing Up Poor Changes Young Brains Mon, 28 Oct 2013 23:31:48 +0000 0 Concussed Kids Need Break From School Mon, 28 Oct 2013 23:29:35 +0000 0 Radiation can pose bigger cancer risk for children – UN study Fri, 25 Oct 2013 18:51:36 +0000 0 The parental consent dilemma: Saving extremely premature babies by signing forms Mon, 21 Oct 2013 19:24:37 +0000 0 How Young is Too Young: Bariatric Surgery in Toddlers Tue, 24 Sep 2013 07:13:02 +0000 by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

The Oxford American Dictionary defines the term “outrageous” as “shockingly bad or excessive.” Case in point, a recent publication in the International Journal of Surgery Case Reports about a two-and-a-half year old boy in Saudi Arabia who two years ago underwent laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). The toddler is the youngest patient to ever receive this therapy.

In LSG surgery, the surgeon reduces the stomach’s volume by 80 percent. Because of the smaller area, the patient ingests less and eventually with proper diet and exercise, loses weight.…

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DNA and Newborn Screening Sun, 15 Sep 2013 21:27:16 +0000 by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

The National Institutes of Health wants to know the DNA of our babies.  The government is not looking to diagnose babies and help them live better lives. The NIH wants to know if it’s economically feasible to scan the DNA of every newborn and what social/ethical implications of that would be. Toward that end, the NIH is funding $25 million dollars over the next five years with four, $5million grants already awarded. These grants will examine the economics, health, privacy, and interpersonal issues in newborn genomic screening.…

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8-Year-Old Never Ages, Could Reveal ‘Biological Immortality’ Fri, 16 Aug 2013 20:21:01 +0000 0 Anthony Stokes, Dying Georgia Teen, Denied Heart Transplant Due To Low Grades, Legal Troubles, Family Says Tue, 13 Aug 2013 21:08:06 +0000 0 Salt Intake, BP Both Up in Kids Tue, 16 Jul 2013 18:18:13 +0000 0 New implant helps boy hear for first time Fri, 21 Jun 2013 20:37:28 +0000 0