» Public Health Where the World Finds Bioethics Wed, 25 Mar 2015 23:50:04 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Parental smoking increases risk of future heart disease for kids Tue, 24 Mar 2015 17:50:56 +0000 0 Worldwide Use Of Antibiotics In Livestock Is Fueling Risk Of Drug-Resistant Super Bugs Reuters Posted: 23/03/2015 05:31 IST Updated: 5 hours ago LIVESTOCK Share 19 Tweet 33 Comment 2 By Chris Arsenault ROME, March 23 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) – Developing countries are pumping livestock full of antibiotics at such a startling rate that they are dramatically increasing the risk of creating drug-resistant “super bugs,” scientists warned on Monday. Antibiotic use in animals is expected to surge by two thirds globally between 2010 and 2030, while doubling in emerging giants like China, Brazil, India and Russia, according to a Princeton University study. It warned that the practice is pushing us closer to a time when common infections could become a death sentence because they will no longer respond to drugs. Consumption of meat, milk and eggs is growing fast in many developing and middle-income countries. Urbanization, increased wealth and changing diets mean industrial livestock producers are expanding rapidly. They are relying on antibiotics to keep disease at bay in the short-term, said co-author Tim Robinson, a scientist with the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI). But the systematic use of low doses on livestock is creating “perfect conditions to grow resistant bacteria,” he told the Thomson Reuters Foundation. Bacteria like E. coli and salmonella are already becoming resistant to antibiotics, Robinson said, increasing fears that these diseases will endanger humans. Passed from animals to people through food contamination, direct contact or the broader environment, antibiotic resistant bacteria will make it harder for doctors to treat basic infections or other ailments, he said. The study by experts from Princeton, ILRI and the National Institutes of Health is the first to measure global antibiotic consumption by livestock. Asia is the main region of concern as this is where demand for livestock products is growing dramatically while regulations governing antibiotic use in animals are either non-existent or not publicly available, scientists say. China’s livestock industry alone could soon be consuming nearly one third of the world’s antibiotics. The five countries with the largest projected increases in antibiotics consumption are Myanmar (205 percent), Nigeria (163 percent), Peru (160 percent) and Vietnam (157 percent). Increasing food production for the estimated 805 million people who go to bed hungry every night will require a new approach that is less reliant on intensive, antiobiotic-fueled breeding, Robinson said. “Poor livestock producers aren’t responsible for this problem, it’s the big firms rushing to meet demand in the growing cities,” he added. But the poor will be worst affected if resistant bacteria transfer to humans more often, he said, because they will be the least able to afford the bigger and more frequent doses of drugs required to fight infections. (Reporting By Chris Arsenault, Editing by Emma Batha) Also on HuffPost: Close  Meat-Free Protein 1 of 10   Flickr: little blue hen Lentils Greek Yogurt Beans Tofu Tempeh Spinach Quinoa Peanuts Related Video Next Previous Next More: Reuters Super Bug Antibiotic Resistant Super Bug Antibiotics in Livestock Antibiotics in Animal Agriculture Suggest a correction Around the Web Stop the Spread of Superbugs – NIH News in Health, February 2014 Superbug: An Epidemic Begins – Harvard Magazine Antibiotic resistance – Wikipedia Skyrocketing use of antibiotics in animals fuels ‘super bug’ fears Chlorine in Water Treatment May Be Breeding Drug-Resistant ‘Superbugs’ Antibiotic Resistance In Pets Linked To Superbug Rise, Experts Blame Overuse … Mon, 23 Mar 2015 23:40:26 +0000 0 Ban on fast-food eateries in South L.A. hasn’t cut obesity, study says Thu, 19 Mar 2015 19:59:11 +0000 0 Industry makes $7,000 for each tobacco death: health campaigners Thu, 19 Mar 2015 17:44:55 +0000 0 Half a million babies die each year in unhygienic hospitals Tue, 17 Mar 2015 18:00:47 +0000 0 Raise minimum age to buy cigarettes to decrease use: U.S. study Fri, 13 Mar 2015 22:34:08 +0000 0 Experts call for a tobacco-free world by 2040 Fri, 13 Mar 2015 22:24:20 +0000 0 And the Ban Played On Tue, 03 Mar 2015 19:59:29 +0000 by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

Have you taken the “Celibacy Challenge?” This satirical national campaign is in response to a proposal from the FDA that would amend the lifetime blood donation ban of men who have sex with men (MSM) to only a one-year ban. The hitch is that the men would have to refrain from sex with men for one year. They could have sex with women during that year, just not men.

This proposed one-year celibacy ban is in line with the rules of other nations.…

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Irish parliament passes plain tobacco packaging law Tue, 03 Mar 2015 19:39:26 +0000 0 Study links common food additives to Crohn’s disease, colitis Mon, 02 Mar 2015 19:23:15 +0000 0 Mandatory Cancer Risk Warnings on Alcoholic Beverages: What Are the Ethical Issues? Sun, 01 Mar 2015 19:39:27 +0000 0 What should docs do with parents who don’t vaccinate? Fri, 20 Feb 2015 07:14:37 +0000 by Jenna Lillemoe, B.A.
by Arthur Caplan , Ph.D.

This year has marked the largest measles outbreak in decades with over 102 cases documented since December. This outbreak is a product of the anti-vaccination trend that has dramatically decreased vaccination compliance rates in children. Parents no longer follow the guidance of their pediatricians or believe the scientific evidence that vaccinations work without adverse effects. Pediatricians and family medicine physicians are then tasked with caring for these unvaccinated children. Because there is no set policy of how to manage caring for non-vaccinated children, we were interested in attempting to critically analyze how physicians manage non-vaccinated children.…

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Plain tobacco packs likely to deter smoking, studies show Tue, 17 Feb 2015 19:53:06 +0000 0 HPV vaccine linked to less-risky behavior Thu, 12 Feb 2015 21:31:15 +0000 0 Teacher depression may affect child learning Wed, 11 Feb 2015 21:26:50 +0000 0 Fatal smoking risks may be higher than thought Wed, 11 Feb 2015 21:20:30 +0000 0 Measles outbreak: Vaccination exemption would end under proposed California law Tue, 10 Feb 2015 21:11:14 +0000 0 Health Autism Speaks Urges Parents to Vaccinate Children Tue, 10 Feb 2015 21:09:42 +0000 0 Among New York Subway’s Millions of Riders, a Study Finds Many Mystery Microbes Mon, 09 Feb 2015 21:05:43 +0000 0 The Unbearable Rightness of Handwashing Wed, 04 Feb 2015 22:43:22 +0000 by Nanette Elster, JD, MPH and Kayhan Parsi, JD, PhD

You may have seen at your doctor’s office a poster showing a climber scaling a sheer cliff. Purportedly a public service ad (PSA), the casual viewer would assume that the poster is warning against the dangers of climbing. In fact, the poster warns people about the danger of not using sunscreen. The ad cleverly upends our typical perception of risk (that climbing is dangerous) with a much more pedestrian but even greater risk (getting skin cancer from too much sun).…

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Don’t Weasel Out of the Measles Vaccine Tue, 03 Feb 2015 20:00:40 +0000 by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

By now, you have most likely been inundated with news about the measles outbreak tied to Disneyland in California. According to the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention, there have been 102 cases of the measles linked to Disneyland through either primary exposure (they were exposed directly) or secondary exposure (they were exposed to someone who had primary exposure) in 15 states. The state of Arizona alone is monitoring over 1,000 people at risk.

The latest turn in this continuing debate is parents of immune-comprised children begging their neighbors to immunize their children.…

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V-Ticket to Ride Thu, 29 Jan 2015 11:51:44 +0000 ]]> 0 Ebola – Yes to isolation, quarantine, and travel restrictions (Part III) Wed, 21 Jan 2015 09:50:04 +0000 By Adil E. Shamoo, Ph.D. (guest blogger)

The HIV experience can be used as a learning model to understand what processes may need to be used for this Ebola epidemic. While there are differences, there is much similarity, especially in the deadliness of the virus of both diseases in the early phase of the epidemic. Both are also transmitted through contact with body fluids, and can be transmitted through sexual contact. This aspect should not be overlooked; the sex drive is very strong and frequently sexual relationships defy logic and rationality.…

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Ebola – Yes to isolation, quarantine, and travel restrictions (Part II) Mon, 19 Jan 2015 11:00:58 +0000 By Adil E. Shamoo, Ph.D. (guest blogger)

Public health policy is derived from promoting public good to protect millions of people from pain and suffering; an effective policy ultimately should enhance health and happiness. The coercive powers of federal and state governments and to enforce public health policy are derived from police powers to provide safety and security to the public. The President has those powers from the plenary powers, unnamed in the constitution, but implied in those powers that protect the security of the nation.…

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Ebola – Yes to isolation, quarantine, and travel restrictions (Part I) Fri, 16 Jan 2015 11:00:44 +0000 By Adil E. Shamoo, Ph.D. (guest blogger)

In 2014, the spread of Ebola topped the headlines. While other issues have supplanted Ebola for the time being, the risk remains as the virus continues to claim victims. A viable Ebola policy that contains the spread must be put into place.

Ebola is transmitted through direct contact with body fluids, blood, and skin. Body fluid droplets remain viable for a few hours; the most infectious period is when the patient is exhibiting severe symptoms with high fever, vomiting and diarrhea.…

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Computers ‘judge personality better than friends Tue, 13 Jan 2015 17:50:19 +0000 0 Getting more exercise throughout life is tied to a reduced risk of abusing alcohol that requires treatment Mon, 12 Jan 2015 18:59:20 +0000 0 A Cold Day’s Concern About a Warming Planet Sun, 04 Jan 2015 00:35:21 +0000 ]]> 0 No increase in risky sexual activity with HPV vaccine Mon, 08 Dec 2014 22:55:55 +0000 0 Mental engagement may preserve health literacy in aging Thu, 04 Dec 2014 20:21:03 +0000 0 Heavy drinking raises women’s injury risk more than men’s Wed, 03 Dec 2014 20:19:33 +0000 0 Male circumcision benefits outweigh risks, U.S. CDC says Wed, 03 Dec 2014 20:16:31 +0000 0 China tobacco monopoly pushes back on smoking curbs Tue, 02 Dec 2014 20:15:35 +0000 0 Striking the Balance Between Population Guidelines and Patient Primacy Wed, 26 Nov 2014 13:34:06 +0000 ]]> 0 Doused Counties: Banning Tobacco Sales in Massachusetts Fri, 21 Nov 2014 08:09:18 +0000 by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

The small city of Westminster, Massachusetts is voting on whether to become the first town in the nation to ban sales of tobacco products, e-cigarettes, and bubblegum-shaped smoking implements within its limits. Many cities already have bans on selling tobacco to minors, smoking bars, businesses, offices, and even in public. The drugstore giant CVS has banned sales of tobacco products from its stores. But this is the first time that a city is making the sale of tobacco and e-cigarettes illegal.…

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Illumina teams with U.S. government, researchers to sequence Ebola Wed, 19 Nov 2014 21:36:27 +0000 0 CDC lays out new plan to counter Ebola exposure in US Tue, 18 Nov 2014 21:40:39 +0000 0 Access to calorie-counting app doesn’t lead to weight loss Mon, 17 Nov 2014 23:39:13 +0000 0 Newly Identified Gene Mutations Act Like A Lifetime Of Treatment With Merck Cholesterol Drug Thu, 13 Nov 2014 21:12:49 +0000 0 U.S. nurses hold strikes, protests over Ebola measures Wed, 12 Nov 2014 23:18:53 +0000 0 Scientists scour the genomes of people who live past 110 Wed, 12 Nov 2014 23:13:27 +0000 0 Docs should ask heart patients about secondhand smoke: study Tue, 11 Nov 2014 19:42:18 +0000 0 Most smokers with bladder cancer know tobacco was the cause Tue, 11 Nov 2014 19:38:28 +0000 0 Kaci Hickox: Public health and the politics of fear Fri, 07 Nov 2014 20:50:22 +0000 Steven H Miles, M.D.

Kaci Hickox is a nurse who went to Sierra Leone with Doctors without borders to treat the emergency with Ebola. She is professionally brave, articulate and well trained. Sierra Leone, with 5000 cases, is one the epicenters of the Ebola epidemic.[1] [2] She was last exposed to patient care on October 21.[3] On Friday October 24, she returned to the United States, entering at Newark International Airport in New Jersey. There she was met by a disorganized set of officials who tried to determine what to do with her.…

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If no travel restrictions, then….quarantine? Wed, 29 Oct 2014 01:34:35 +0000 Read More »]]> 0 Dr. Fauci or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Hate the Media’s Coverage of Ebola Wed, 29 Oct 2014 01:30:46 +0000 by Kayhan Parsi, JD, PhD

Although the Ebola virus is not ubiquitous, media coverage of it certainly is. A quick Google search of Ebola results in 37,700,000 hits. By comparison, Googling Obama results in 34,200,000 hits (although googling Obama and Ebola together results in 91,800,000 hits). Media coverage of Ebola has displaced many other news stories over the last few weeks. WNYC’s On the Media has tried to temper the over-the-top media coverage. They even posted a Breaking News Consumer’s Handbook.…

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Health Officials Expect to Start Vaccine Trials in West Africa as Early as December Mon, 27 Oct 2014 17:37:16 +0000 0 Ebola: where is the rock concert benefit? Mon, 27 Oct 2014 16:52:54 +0000 by Arthur Caplan, PhD and Nir Eyal, D.Phil

Ebola’s toll is rising exponentially. Millions of lives are at risk in West Africa, and panic is starting to take its toll in the rest of the world.

Normally in a crisis like this our best charitable impulses pour forth. Especially among musicians, Hollywood and artists. So why aren’t fund-raising drives taking place? Where are the rock concerts, fashion shows, triathlons we saw for famines and for AIDS? Why the extreme paucity of small private donations?…

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Do Doctors Have a Duty to Treat Patients With Ebola? Fri, 24 Oct 2014 11:44:11 +0000 0 Ebola Fever: “Don’t Panic” Fri, 24 Oct 2014 05:11:44 +0000 by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

In The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy, author Douglas Adams provided his protagonist with two pieces of advise: don’t panic and always carry a towel. The first is good advice when it comes to Ebola panic.

I was sitting down on the plane in San Diego airport after the American Society for Bioethics & Humanities meeting when I noticed a woman walking down the aisle with a face mask. Being a public health-oriented person, I figured she had tuberculosis and was under order to wear a mask to protect other people’s health.…

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