Hot Topics: Reproductive Ethics

Blog Posts (108)

August 31, 2018

FDA Approves Birth Control App: Ethics of Representation and Provider Counseling

by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

“What do you call a couple that practices the rhythm method?”
“Parents”

This old joke is getting a modern twist as the FDA approvesNaturalCycles, a mobile app for charting fertility and determining what days are safe for sexual activity with a low risk of conceiving.…

July 25, 2018

On Gender and Reproductive Decision-Making in Uterine Transplantation

This post is shared from the July 2018 issue of the American Journal of Bioethics

by Hilary Mabel, Ruth M.

July 1, 2018

Confusion and Conscientious Objection in Arizona

by Steven H. Miles, MD and Arthur Caplan, Ph.D.

Nicole Mone Arteaga was trying to get pregnant. It had been difficult for her.…

May 22, 2018

The Land of the Gagged and the Home of the Complicit: Domestic Abortion Gag Rule is Unethical

by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

On his fourth day in office, Trump reinstated the Mexico City Rule. The MCR was originally declared by Ronald Reagan in 1984 to prohibit U.S.…

May 11, 2018

What Do International Adoptive Parents Owe their Children’s Birthparents?

by Ann Mongoven, Ph.D. MPH

Another Mother’s Day is here.   Another candle is lit to honor the unknown birthparents of my Chinese-American daughter, adopted as an infant and now a young woman.…

May 11, 2018

BioethicsTV (May 7-11): #ChicagoMed, #GreysAnatomy

by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

Chicago Med (Season 3; Episode 19): Maternal-Fetal Conflict; Grey’s Anatomy (Season 14; Episode 23): Personal Disclosures of Illness

As the traditional television season comes to a close, many medical dramas have steered away from ethical dilemmas in medical care to heighten the drama among their characters in order to provide strong cliff hangers for the season finale.

March 28, 2018

Fertility Meltdown

by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

Earlier this month, two fertility clinics reported problems with their cold storage equipment that led to the thawing and destruction of frozen embryos and eggs slated for people’s future reproductive options.…

March 22, 2018

BioethicsTV (March 19-23): The Good Doctor, The Resident, Chicago Med

by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

The Good Doctor (Season 1; Episode 17): Cost of healthcare, stealing identities, dating patients; The Resident (Season 1; Episode 8): Patient Dumping; Chicago Med (Season 3; Episode 12): Pedophilia; Cherry-picking; ECMO; teenage pregnancy

The Good Doctor (Season 1; Episode 17): Cost of healthcare, stealing identities, dating patients

In the first storyline,  a patient, “Lucy,” comes to the ER with a post-op infection: She never filled her antibiotic prescription.…

January 16, 2018

Black Women are Dying in Disproportionate Numbers During and After Giving Birth and not even Celebrity Serena Williams is Safe

by Keisha Ray, Ph.D.

In a previous blog I wrote about racial disparities in health and health care in which black patients fare much worse than white patients, including worse health outcomes.…

October 24, 2017

When the Government Prevents a Teen from Receiving an Abortion

by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

Update: The U.S. Court of Appeals in D.C. full panel ordered the government to arrange for Doe to receive her abortion.

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Published Articles (35)

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 18 Issue 7 - Jul 2018

Provider Conscientious Refusal of Abortion, Obstetrical Emergencies, and Criminal Homicide Law Lawrence Nelson

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 18 Issue 7 - Jul 2018

Uterus Transplantation: The Ethics of Using Deceased Versus Living Donors Bethany Bruno & Kavita Shah Arora

AJOB Primary Research: Volume 9 Issue 2 - Jun 2018

Cross-cultural perspectives on decision making regarding noninvasive prenatal testing: A comparative study of Lebanon and Quebec Hazar Haidar, Meredith Vanstone, Anne-Marie Laberge, Gilles Bibeau, Labib Ghulmiyyah & Vardit Ravitsky

AJOB Primary Research: Volume 8 Issue 4 - Dec 2017

“Will they be good enough parents?”: Ethical dilemmas, views, and decisions among assisted reproductive technology (ART) providers Robert Klitzman

AJOB Primary Research: Volume 8 Issue 4 - Dec 2017

Counseling parents at risk of delivery of an extremely premature infant: Differing strategies Marlyse F. Haward, Annie Janvier, John M. Lorenz & Baruch Fischhoff

AJOB Primary Research: Volume 8 Issue 2 - Apr 2017

Adolescent oncofertility discussions: Recommendations from a systematic literature review Dorit Barlevy, Bernice S. Elger, Tenzin Wangmo & Vardit Ravitsky

AJOB Primary Research: Volume 8 Issue 1 - Feb 2017

Morals or markets? Regulating assisted reproductive technologies as morality or economic policies in the states Erin Heidt-Forsythe

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 17 Issue 1 - Jan 2017

A Framework for Unrestricted Prenatal Whole-Genome Sequencing: Respecting and Enhancing the Autonomy of Prospective Parents Stephanie C. Chen & David T. Wasserman

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 17 Issue 1 - Jan 2017

Modern Pregnancies and (Im)Perfect Babies Stephanie A. Kraft

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 16 Issue 12 - Dec 2016

Does Lack of “Genetic-Relative Family Health History” Represent a Potentially Avoidable Health Disparity for Adoptees? Thomas May, Kimberly A. Strong, Kaija L. Zusevics, Jessica Jeruzal, Michael H. Farrell, Alison LaPean Kirschner, Arthur R. Derse, James P. Evans & Harold D. Grotevant

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News (732)

July 19, 2018 12:29 pm

Arizona law would give frozen embryos to spouse who wants baby after divorce (CBS News)

A controversial new Arizona law that took effect July 1 would give Torres access to the embryos. The law requires courts to give embryos to the spouse who plans to use them to have a baby when a couple decides to have a divorce. Supporters of the law say it will protect a partner’s right to his or her embryos. Opponents say it could force people to become parents against their will.

July 18, 2018 5:42 am

Editing human embryos 'morally permissible' (BBC News)

Should we or shouldn’t we be allowed to modify human DNA in future children? An inquiry into the ethical issues surrounding genetically altering a human embryo has found there is “no absolute reason not to pursue it”. But appropriate measures must be put in place before it becomes UK law, said the report – which calls for further research both medically and socially. Inquiry chair, Prof Karen Yeung, said: “The implications for society are extensive, profound and long-term.”

June 20, 2018 9:00 am

How IVF became a license to print money (The Guardian)

Private fertility clinics routinely try to sell desperate patients add-ons that almost certainly don’t help – why isn’t more done to monitor the industry?

May 31, 2018 9:00 am

Where Did Ireland Go? Abortion Vote Stuns Those on Both Sides (Washington Post)

Divorce is legal. So is same-sex marriage. And now abortion will be, too. Ireland has redefined itself in a remarkably short span of time.

May 3, 2018 4:36 pm

Iowa lawmakers pass the nation's most restrictive abortion ban -- as soon as a fetal heartbeat is detected (CNN)

The Republican-led legislature in Iowa has passed a bill that, if signed into law, will become the nation’s most restrictive abortion ban: It forbids doctors from performing the procedure after a fetal heartbeat is detected. In many cases, that can happen as early as six weeks into a pregnancy, before many women even know they’re expecting.

December 26, 2017 9:00 am

NIH Lifts Ban On Research That Could Make Deadly Viruses Even Worse (NPR)

Scientists could soon resume controversial experiments on germs with the potential to cause pandemics, as government officials have decided to finally lift an unusual three-year moratorium on federal funding for the work. The research involves three viruses — influenza, SARS, and MERS — that could kill millions if they mutated in a way that let the germs spread quickly among people.

November 23, 2017 9:00 am

Childbirth is killing black women in the US, and here's why (CNN)

Each year in the United States, about 700 to 1,200 women die from pregnancy or childbirth complications, and black women like Saba are about three to four times more likely to die of pregnancy or delivery complications than white women.

November 6, 2017 9:00 am

She signed up to be a surrogate mother — and unwittingly gave away her own child (Washington Post)

A DNA test would soon reveal the truth: One of the “twins” was actually Allen and Jasper’s biological son. Despite using condoms, they had apparently conceived the child after becoming pregnant with the Lius’ baby, in what is believed to be an extremely rare case of superfetation. The condition — in which an already pregnant woman conceives another child — is so rare that alleged cases are usually treated with skepticism. In a widely publicized 2009 case of a pregnant Arkansas woman becoming pregnant “again,” Karen Boyle, a reproductive medicine specialist, told ABC News that there were only about 10 reported cases of superfetation in medical literature.

September 14, 2017 9:00 am

Senate panel seeks middle ground on human fetal tissue research and abortion (Science)

The Senate Appropriations Committee, in a bill that boosts NIH funding by $2 billion, to $36.1 billion, ordered the biomedical research agency to launch a pilot study to determine whether banking tissue from stillbirths and spontaneous abortions, or miscarriages, could serve all of the needs of biomedical researchers.

August 31, 2017 9:00 am

Nepal outlaws menstruation huts, but what will take their place? (CNN)

On August 9, Nepal’s Parliament passed a bill that would criminalize the banishment of women during menstruation. Once the bill goes into effect, set for August 2018, anyone who forces a woman into a menstrual hut will be sentenced to three months in prison or fined US $30.

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