Hot Topics: Reproductive Medicine

Blog Posts (31)

March 19, 2014

The importance of assisted reproductive technologies for women in “developing” countries

<p>While assisted reproductive technologies (ART) are common in most “developed” countries (the global North), in the global South (“developing” countries), ART is generally not available for a variety of reasons, most of which center around money. These resource-poor countries typically lack both qualified health-care professionals and facilities necessary for ART. Although some countries do have ART centers, the cost of ART is prohibitive for all but the extremely wealthy. Indeed, infertility is usually seen as a treatable problem only for the upper class primarily because the poor cannot afford basic health care let alone expensive treatment like ART. The fact that the majority of people in the global South cannot afford basic health care, which is typically seen as the top priority in health-care allocation, is another reason why ART are not readily available in the global South. Most public and private health-care funding goes toward primary care and not treatments that are often seen as elective and cosmetic, like ART.</p> <p>Yet, infertility can be considered a health problem according to the World Health Organization's broad definition of health – “Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.” Infertility in the global South can have severe and interrelated social, economic, and health-related consequences for women. This is still the case when the woman is physiologically fertile but her partner has male factor infertility; she is the one who is generally blamed for the couple’s inability to have a biological child.</p> <p><strong style="color: #34405b; font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 12px; line-height: 20px;">The Alden March Bioethics Institute offers a Master of Science in Bioethics, a Doctorate of Professional Studies in Bioethics, and Graduate Certificates in Clinical Ethics and Clinical Ethics Consultation. For more information on AMBI's online graduate programs, please visit our <a style="text-decoration: underline; color: #000099;" href="/Academic/bioethics/index.cfm">website</a>.</strong></p>
March 4, 2014

Tampering With Evolution? "Three Parent Embryos"

by Maurice Bernstein, MD

Babies are born with  a progressive neurometabolic disorder with a general onset in infancy or childhood, often after a viral infection, but can also occur in teens and adults. …

February 26, 2014

Intersextion: Germany Allows Parents to Choose “No Sex” on Birth Certificate

by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

In Jeffrey Eugenides Pulitzer-Prize winning novel Middlesex, readers are introduced to a protagonist, Cal Stephanides, who is male with female traits.…

January 21, 2014

Building the Better Baby

by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

In the 1997 film GATTACA, a couple anxious to have a child sit down with their doctor.…

January 17, 2014

Wombmates in Wisconsin

by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

Women of Wisconsin better make some room as they are about to have some visitors: Their  in-laws may come to spend time in their uterus.…

December 4, 2013

When Religion Trumps Medicine

by Arthur L. Caplan, PhD

Imagine that you were in a terrible car accident and suffered a huge loss of blood.…

July 25, 2013


Sabine Hildebrandt, MD
William Seidelman, MD
Arthur Caplan, PhD

A recurring assertion in the ongoing debate on abortion in the United States is the statement that pregnancy is an uncommon consequence of rape.…

June 21, 2013

Why Don’t We Talk More About the Hard Stuff

by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

This blog is one I have been thinking about writing for a while, but feared to do so out of concern of social stigma and reprisals.…

May 9, 2013

Magical NC Bill Builds Obstacles to Teen Health

Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

If you’re a teen in North Carolina, a new bill before the legislature may make it more difficult for you to get sexually transmitted disease testing and treatment, mental health counseling, pregnancy care or even substance abuse treatment.…

May 6, 2013

“Donor Dad” or “Gene”? The Language of False Hopes and False Expectations

Nanette Elster, JD, MPH

With Mother’s Day rapidly approaching, I can’t help but reflect upon my own journey to motherhood, which began as a solo endeavor with an anonymous sperm donor due to an infertility diagnosis at 30. …

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Published Articles (18)

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 13 Issue 10 - Oct 2013

Gender Eugenics? The Ethics of PGD for Intersex Conditions Robert Sparrow

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 13 Issue 10 - Oct 2013

Critically Appraising Prenatal Genetic Diagnosis to Prevent Disorders of Sexual Development: An Opportunity Missed Laurence B. McCullough

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 13 Issue 5 - May 2013

The Right to Know Your Genetic Parents: From Open-Identity Gamete Donation to Routine Paternity Testing An Ravelingien & Guido Pennings

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 13 Issue 3 - Mar 2013

Expanding Access to Testicular Tissue Cryopreservation: An Analysis by Analogy Tuua Ruutiainen, Steve Miller, Arthur Caplan & Jill P. Ginsberg

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 12 Issue 7 - Jul 2012

On the Cutting Edge: Ethical Responsiveness to Cesarean Rates Sylvia Burrow

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 12 Issue 7 - Jul 2012

Ethical Dilemma of Mandated Contraception in Pharmaceutical Research at Catholic Medical Institutions Murray Joseph Casey

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 12 Issue 7 - Jul 2012

The Professional Responsibility Model of Respect for Autonomy in Decision Making About Cesarean Delivery Frank A. Chervenak & Laurence B. McCullough

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 12 Issue 6 - Jun 2012

Preserving the Right to Future Children: An Ethical Case Analysis Gwendolyn P. Quinn, Daniel K. Stearsman, Lisa Campo-Engelstein & Devin Murphy

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 11 Issue 12 - Dec 2011

Obstetricians and Violence Against Women Sonya Charles

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 10 Issue 12 - Dec 2010

Defending My ?Rethinking? of Roe

News (633)

March 24, 2014 6:38 pm

Cardiff University thyroid IQ theory 'could help children'

Children at risk of developing a low IQ could be helped by genetic screening, Cardiff University researchers say.

March 20, 2014 1:43 pm

My Neighborhood Makes It Easier to Get Pregnant Than To Go To College

‘You should get pregnant,’ a friend told me. ‘Girl, the government will take care of you, trust me.’

March 10, 2014 2:38 pm

Free Birth Control Not Associated With Risky Sexual Behavior

The availability of free birth control may not lead directly to increases in risky sexual behavior, according to a new study from researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis.

March 5, 2014 3:04 pm

Planned Parenthood, Tucson gynecologist, fighting tighter regulations on abortion drugs

Planned Parenthood and a Tucson gynecologist are asking a federal judge to block new rules that will sharply restrict ability to perform abortions using drugs instead of surgery.

February 28, 2014 3:57 pm

The Market For DNA-Sequencing-Based Down's Syndrome Tests Could Exceed $6 Billion

On Wednesday night the New England Journal of Medicine published a study showing that a new, DNA-sequencing based blood test provides a dramatic improvement in accuracy at screening for Down’s syndrome and a second, related disease.

February 27, 2014 1:46 pm

Blood Test Provides More Accurate Prenatal Testing For Down Syndrome

A new blood test offers pregnant women a safe and much more accurate way to screen for Down syndrome.

February 24, 2014 1:39 pm

FDA weighs risks of 3-person embryo fertilization

U.S. government health regulators will consider this week whether to green light a provocative new fertilization technique that could eventually create babies from the DNA of three people, with the goal of preventing mothers from passing on debilitating genetic diseases to their children.

February 21, 2014 2:40 pm

Unusual Iowa abortion rule has surprising result

University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics  decided not to bill the state for the 15 abortions it had performed as of mid-February.

February 10, 2014 6:44 pm

Teen Pregnancy Rates Much Higher for Girls With Serious Mental Illness: Study

Teenage girls diagnosed with major mental illness are much more likely to give birth, suggesting such girls should become a special target for anti-pregnancy efforts.

February 7, 2014 6:31 pm

To Catch a Killer Gene: Sisters Race to Stop Mystery Disease

The gene has killed five people in the Linder family, and it now threatens the sisters themselves. But if they have their way, it will die out in their generation.

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