Hot Topics: Global Ethics
by Father Marcin Ferdynus
The COVID-19 pandemic is unprecedented in scope and beyond anything we have ever experienced. A global plague of unparalleled proportions resulting in health, economic, social and religious consequences, the pandemic has revealed deficiencies in global and domestic health institutions and systems.
by Laura Specker Sullivan, Ph.D. and Dan Rosen, J.D.
As Fairchild et al. describe in a forthcoming issue of the American Journal of Bioethics, the American debate on social distancing regulations has pitted those protesting unacceptable state limitations on individual rights versus those demanding that individual rights to protection create a government obligation.
by Henri-Corto Stoeklé Ph.D., Asmahane Benmaziane M.D., Philippe Beuzeboc M.D., Christian Hervé, M.D., Ph.D.
In a letter published in The American Journal of Bioethics, we wrote “now really isn’t the time for ethical reflections” in the face of COVID-19.
by Fernando Hellmann, Ph.D., Silvia Cardoso Bittencourt, Ph.D., Fabíola Stolf Brzozowski, Ph.D., Mirelle Finkler, Ph.D., Marta Verdi, Sandra Caponi, Ph.D.
by Katharine Wright & Julian Sheather
Pratt et al. highlight important ways in which solidarity between researchers and communities provides both an ethical underpinning, and an ethical goal, for community engagement in global health research.…Full Article
by Charlene Sathi, HBSc, MS and Lydia Dugdale, MD, MAR
When sailors used to become sick at sea, their mates had to decide whether to throw them overboard or isolate them below deck until they could find help in harbor towns.…Full Article
by Keisha Ray, Ph.D.
On Monday my hometown of San Antonio, Texas declared a local public emergency after a woman who was quarantined for suspected exposure to Covid-19 was released from custody.…Full Article
by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.Full Article
by Alexandre A. Martins, Ph.D.
Imagine an effective and efficient universal health care system that delivers care to low-income families. Now imagine dismantling that program to further marginalize those same families.…Full Article
Solidarity and Community Engagement in Global Health Research
The Role of Solidarity in Research in Global Health Emergencies
Bedside Rationing Under Resource Constraints—A National Survey of Ethiopian Physicians’ Use of Criteria for Priority Setting
Clinical Ethicists Awakened: Addressing Two Generations of Clinical Ethics Issues Involving Undocumented Patients
Impartiality and infectious disease: Prioritizing individuals versus the collective in antibiotic prescription
Health Research Priority Setting: The Duties of Individual Funders
Aligning Research Priorities to Improve Equity: A Challenge for Health Funders
The Rescinding of DACA: What Should Healthcare Professionals and Academics Do? (and Why?)
A Question of Social Justice: How Policies of Profit Negate Engagement of Developing World Bioethicists and Undermine Global Bioethics
A Bridge Back to the Future: Public Health Ethics, Bioethics, and Environmental Ethics
As the epidemic rages in a violent, embattled region, two important players — the World Health Organization and Doctors Without Borders — clash over how to end it.Full Article
The mosquito-borne virus spread through the island in 2017, but global health officials failed to sound the alarm.
Ten years ago, Renee Bach left her home in Virginia to set up a charity to help children in Uganda. One of her first moves was to start a blog chronicling her experiences.
Among the most momentous: On a Sunday morning in October 2011, a couple from a village some distance away showed up at Bach’s center carrying a small bundle.
“When I pulled the covering back my eyes widened,” Bach wrote in the blog. “For under the blanket lay a small, but very, very swollen, pale baby girl. Her breaths were frighteningly slow. … The baby’s name is Patricia. She is 9 months old.”
Bach went on to write that Patricia had fallen sick three weeks earlier. But her parents had been unable to find anyone closer to home who could cure her.
Then, wrote Bach, “One of their relatives told them about a ‘hospital’ … with a ‘White Doctor.’ ”
Except Bach was not a doctor.Full Article
The year-old outbreak has now reached Goma, a heavily populated city near the border with Rwanda. The W.H.O. will ask experts again to decide whether to issue a declaration that could increase funding to fight the disease spread.Full Article
The Food and Drug Administration has approved the first vaccine for dengue, Dengvaxia, but placed significant restrictions on its use because the vaccine has been shown to put some people at heightened risk for a severe form of the disease.Full Article
With malaria deaths rebounding worldwide, a pilot program testing a new and fiercely debated malaria vaccine began on Tuesday in Malawi.
Dr. Katherine O’Brien, the World Health Organization’s director of immunization, called the rollout “a historic moment in the fight against malaria,” and said the testing will soon expand to malarious regions of Ghana and Kenya.
But the vaccine, known as RTS,S, or Mosquirix, has been in development by GSK, the former GlaxoSmithKline, for more than 30 years, and it has serious drawbacks that have led some experts to argue that it does not work well enough to spend millions of dollars pursuing.Full Article
Despite a worsening Ebola epidemic in the Democratic Republic of Congo, the World Health Organization on Friday again decided not to declare the outbreak a global health emergency.
While expressing “deep concern” about the number of increasing cases in parts of Congo, and the potential risk of the disease spreading to neighboring countries, the W.H.O. said the epidemic did not meet the criteria for declaring an international public health emergency.Full Article