Hot Topics: Philosophy & Ethics
By Brian M. Cummings, MD and John J. Paris, SJ, PhD
John Stuart Mill proclaimed, “Over himself, over his own body and mind, the individual is sovereign.” Mill’s…Full Article
by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.
In the mythology of the founding of bioethics, we learn that this nascent field sprang whole from the forehead of Zeus to slay the paternalism that was practiced by the children of Apollo.…Full Article
by Henri-Corto Stoeklé Ph.D., Asmahane Benmaziane M.D., Philippe Beuzeboc M.D., Christian Hervé, M.D., Ph.D.
In a letter published in The American Journal of Bioethics, we wrote “now really isn’t the time for ethical reflections” in the face of COVID-19.
by Rosamond Rhodes, Ph.D.
In their timely article, “Fair Allocation of Scarce Medical Resources in the Time of Covid-19,” Ezekiel Emanuel and colleagues correctly note the need for guidance in making the difficult decisions that lie ahead. …Full Article
by Kate Jackson-Meyer, Ph.D.
Policy makers, hospitals, and health care professionals are facing, or are likely to face, excruciating ethical decisions about resource allocation and risk calculation due to the COVID-19 pandemic and medical supply shortages. …Full Article
by Simon Coghlan, Ph.D. and Kobi Leins, Ph.D.
… Full Article
They’re neither a traditional robot nor a known species of animal.
by Ann Mongoven, Ph.D.
… Full Article
[Editor’s note: Breaking news about a new data contract between Amazon and the U.K’s National Health Service underscores the need for ethical reflection on commercial/non-profit collaborations in health data analytics.
by Keisha Ray, Ph.D.
As a philosopher and bioethicist by professional degree and training it is no more apparent that I have one foot in the world of bioethics and one foot in the world of health humanities than when I attend the annual meeting of American Society for Bioethics and Humanities (ASBH).…Full Article
Cognitive Transformation, Dementia, and the Moral Weight of Advance Directives
Legal and Ethical Considerations for Requiring Consent for Apnea Testing in Brain Death Determination
Artificial Intelligence in Service of Human Needs: Pragmatic First Steps Toward an Ethics for Semi-Autonomous Agents
Superethics Instead of Superintelligence: Know Thyself, and Apply Science Accordingly
Deep Fakes and Memory Malleability: False Memories in the Service of Fake News
The “Ought-Is” Problem: An Implementation Science Framework for Translating Ethical Norms Into Practice
Using Implementation Science to Enact Specific Ethical Norms: The Case of Code Status Policy
Beneficence, Interests, and Wellbeing in Medicine: What It Means to Provide Benefit to Patients
“The goal is to gain important insights into early human development….. But the research, which was published in two separate papers Wednesday in the journal Nature Portfolio, raises sensitive moral and ethical concerns.”Full Article
What will be the possibilities once we know the full human genome? “Challenging as it has been to build, a single end-to-end genome offers researchers limited value without other genomes from diverse individuals against which to compare it.”Full Article
How is medical ethics debated in court? “If a Texas court ruling is allowed to stand, the state’s hospitals and doctors will have no room to make end-of-life care decisions based on independent medical ethics or individual conscience.”Full Article
Although facial recognition software proves to be useful in certain scenarios, what happens if this technology falls into the wrong hands. Researchers must recognize that unethical facial recognition practice is fundamentally dangerous.Full Article
“In the imminent future, patients will start to die because there simply aren’t enough people to care for them. Doctors and nurses will burn out. The most precious resource the U.S. health-care system has in the struggle against COVID-19 isn’t some miracle drug. It’s the expertise of its health-care workers—and they are exhausted.”Full Article
Can clumps of cells and disembodied brains be sentient and how would we know if they are? Brain organoids are widely used in labs that study the brain. Some scientists are raising questions on whether this is creation of consciousness and is also allowed.Full Article
What needs to be considered as some governments move towards a “herd immunity approach? What does it mean to have “herd immunity”? How would this affect the population and the future of the pandemic? Here, in this Washington Post piece, John Authers discusses the moral decision in immunity. He brings in concepts of utilitarianism and economic status in the consideration for herd immunity.Full Article
Can AI help doctors differentiate between COVID-19 and the regular flu? What information would the technology need and where should we draw those boundaries? Some models are showing promise by sifting through common health data.Full Article
An 18-year-old from Ohio who famously inoculated himself against his mother’s wishes in December says he attributes his mother’s anti-vaccine ideology to a single source: Facebook.
Ethan Lindenberger, a high school senior, testified Tuesday before the Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor and Pensions, and underscored the importance of “credible” information. In contrast, he said, the false and deep-rooted beliefs his mother held — that vaccines were dangerous — were perpetuated by social media. Specifically, he said, she turned to anti-vaccine groups on social media for evidence that supported her point of view.Full Article