Hot Topics: Science
by Arthur Caplan, Ph.D.
Researchers at Yale University recently reported an experiment in which they used an experimental chemical solution to create electrical activity in the cells of pig brains, brains obtained from a slaughterhouse four hours after the death of the animals from decapitation (NY Times ‘Partly Alive’: Scientists Revive Cells in Brains From Dead Pigs, 4/17,19). …Full Article
In his 2018 book, the philosopher of science, Jacob Stegenga defends the view “that we should have little confidence in the effectiveness of medical interventions.” (Stegenga 2018) On the face of it, he acknowledges, this position seems unreasonable: most of us can think of myriad ways in which modern medicine has improved – perhaps saved […]Full Article
by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.
In my critical studies of bioethics undergraduate capstone class, the very last lecture examines the question of whether a person must be ethical to be an ethicist.…Full Article
by Florence Ashley B.C.L., LL.B
Hormonal interventions for trans youth are subject to controversy in the media and certain clinical circles.…Full Article
Updated November 28 at 8:30am EST
by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.
The film GATTACA turned 20 years old this year. The premise of that film is a society where DNA is viewed as predictive of everything: Your intelligence, physical abilities, your health, even how long you will live.…Full Article
Climate Change Ethics Death toll rises to 56 in California wildfires “The death toll from the wildfires burning in Northern and Southern California has risen to 56 people, authorities announced, making it the deadliest wildfire in a century. An additional 287 people have been assigned to comb through the rubble for bodies, authorities told […]Full Article
The following post can also be found in the October 2018
issue of the American Journal of Bioethics.
by Ariadne Nichol and David Magnus, Ph.D.…Full Article
The Porosity of Autonomy: Social and Biological Constitution of the Patient in Biomedicine
Ideology and Microbiology: Ebola, Science, and Deliberative Democracy
If I Could Just Stop Loving You: Anti-Love Biotechnology and the Ethics of a Chemical Breakup
The Difficult Case of Voluntariness as Autonomy in Anti-Love Biotechnology
An earlier article from 2019 discusses a report from the United Nations, which claims the overuse of antimicrobial drugs in humans, animals and plants is fueling resistant pathogens that could kill 10 million people annually by 2050.Full Article
The year-old outbreak has now reached Goma, a heavily populated city near the border with Rwanda. The W.H.O. will ask experts again to decide whether to issue a declaration that could increase funding to fight the disease spread.Full Article
Researchers have found a way to detect “covert consciousness” that could aid the recovery of people with severe brain injuries.Full Article
When Kelley Oliver Douglass got breast cancer, a genetic counselor posed an odd question: Do you and your children have trouble finding hats that fit?
They did, and that gave the counselor a clue to the source of the cancer: a mutation in a gene called Pten.
Now, researchers have stumbled on a way to counter it — and the treatment may be as close as the local drugstore.
Genetic and molecular analysis of 109 volunteers turned up hidden health problems in about half of them. Critics say the approach amounted to ‘carpet-bombing’ the body.Full Article
Scientists are reporting that they have developed a virtual prosthetic voice, a system that decodes the brain’s vocal intentions and translates them into mostly understandable speech, with no need to move a muscle, even those in the mouth.Full Article
A new experiment has raised medical and ethical questions as serious as those surrounding human gene editing: A support system delivering artificial blood to pig brains prevented degradation of important neural functions, Yale researchers discovered.
Scientists in southern China report that they’ve tried to narrow the evolutionary gap, creating several transgenic macaque monkeys with extra copies of a human gene suspected of playing a role in shaping human intelligence.Full Article