Hot Topics: Technology
by Joyeeta G Dastidar, MD
In New York City, the epicenter of the COVID-19 pandemic in the country with a quarter of the nation’s cases, hospitals prepared for ventilator shortages.
by Alex Dubov, Ph.D. and Steven Shoptaw, Ph.D.
As the world grapples with COVID-19, experts are calling for better identification and isolation of new cases.…
This essay received an honourable mention in the undergraduate category. Written by University of Oxford student, Angelo Ryu. Introduction The scope of modern administration is vast. We expect the state to perform an ever-increasing number of tasks, including the provision of services and the regulation of economic activity. This requires the state to make […]Full Article
by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.
One of the most powerful tools that epidemiologists have for containing an outbreak is contact tracing—finding out all of the people with whom an infected person has had contact during the period when they were potentially shedding the virus.…Full Article
This essay was the winning entry in the undergraduate category of the 6th Annual Oxford Uehiro Prize in Practical Ethics. Written by University of Oxford student, Eric Sheng. In the computer game Red Dead Redemption 2 (henceforward, RDR2), players control a character in a virtual world. Among the characters represented by computer graphics but not […]Full Article
by Simon Coghlan, Ph.D. and Kobi Leins, Ph.D.
… Full Article
They’re neither a traditional robot nor a known species of animal.
“Exploring ethical issues in TV medical dramas”
by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.
The Good Doctor (Season 3; Episode 11): Anesthesia and addiction; the limits of compassion; The Resident (Season 3; Episode 12): Dying (or not) on your own terms; Suing patients for medical debt; Chicago Med (Season 5; Episode 11): Quid pro quo—switched embryos, safe injection sites; surrogate withdrawal of life support
Carrie is a patient who arrives with a complicated leg fracture after falling while mountain biking.…Full Article
by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.
This week Las Vegas hosted the 2020 Consumer Electronics Show (CES) where tech companies can show off the devices they hope we will all be buying soon.…Full Article
Artificial Intelligence in Service of Human Needs: Pragmatic First Steps Toward an Ethics for Semi-Autonomous Agents
Superethics Instead of Superintelligence: Know Thyself, and Apply Science Accordingly
Sorry I Didn’t Hear You.” The Ethics of Voice Computing and AI in High Risk Mental Health Populations
Deep Fakes and Memory Malleability: False Memories in the Service of Fake News
Artificial Intelligence in Clinical Neuroscience: Methodological and Ethical Challenges
Patenting Foundational Technologies: Recent Developments in the CRISPR Patent Struggle
When Thinking is Doing: Responsibility for BCI-Mediated Action
Brain-Computer Interfaces and the Philosophy of Action
The artificial intelligence model showed great promise in predicting which patients treated in U.S. Veterans Affairs hospitals would experience a sudden decline in kidney function. But it also came with a crucial caveat: Women represented only about 6% of the patients whose data were used to train the algorithm, and it performed worse when tested on women.Full Article
The tech giants have refused officials’ pleas to allow the collection of location data and to help contact-tracing teams learn where new infections have spread.Full Article
The long-simmering debate over facial recognition technology is taking on new urgency during the pandemic, as companies rush to pitch face-scanning systems to track the movements of Covid-19 patients.Full Article
Health officials have begged Americans to practice social distancing and many states and cities have issued stay-at-home or shelter-in-place orders to slow the spread of coronavirus. But not everyone is listening. Now, a tech company is using smartphone data to see where people are taking these instructions seriously.Full Article
A group of doctors from Stanford University has proposed a framework for sharing clinical data for artificial intelligence (AI) that could set off a firestorm of debate about who truly owns medical data, ethical obligations to share it, and how to properly police researchers who use it. On the other hand, the envisioned approach has parallels to the open science tactics currently being uniformly deployed to battle the COVID-19 pandemic.Full Article
With delays in testing hampering the country’s ability to accurately track the new coronavirus and shelter-in-place orders keeping many Americans at home, startups are swooping in with a seemingly ideal solution: at-home testsFull Article
The European Commission is considering a temporary ban on the use of facial recognition technology, according to a draft proposal for regulating artificial intelligence. Creating rules to ensure AI is ‘trustworthy and human’ has been an early flagship policy promise of the new Commission. But the leaked proposal suggests the EU is in fact leaning towards tweaks of existing rules, rather than anything as firm as blanket sectoral requirements or bans.Full Article
A special issue on CRISPR in Perspectives in Biology and Medicine adds to the rich corpus of ideas and arguments that will inform a technology bound to influence generations to come.Full Article
In an interview with CBS This Morning, Clearview AI’s founder says it’s his right to collect photos for the facial recognition app.Full Article