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Author Archive: Craig Klugman


Cecil the Lion: Can Health Care Professionals Ethically Be Sport Hunters

by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

In James Patterson’s book (and now TV miniseries) Zoo, the animals have acquired an intelligence that removes their fear of humans. More specifically, the animals attack humans, driven by radio waves from technology. In character’s belief, the animals are banding together to take care of the greatest threat to their existence—us. With that perspective, I examine the social media uproar over a dentist killing Cecil the Lion.

The social media buzz started not because a man hunted a lion, but because he happened to shoot a beloved lion. Cecil was a 13-year-old lion who lived in Hwange National Park in Zimbabwe.…

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Investigating Two Claims Against Planned Parenthood: Center of Medical Progress’s Secret Videos

by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

Before you being reading, I have a disclaimer: Growing up, my mother worked for Planned Parenthood. As a nurse, she practiced in their clinics offering well women services, counseling, and contraception. After many years, she went on to direct their clinic’s in vitro fertilization program. I also heard the word “Planned Parenthood” stated with a quick northeastern accent. Said that way, as a child, I thought the place was called “Plant Parenthood” and wondered what plants had to do with women’s health.

Ironically, despite the numerous bomb threats while she worked there, her clinic did not perform abortions.…

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On the Origins of Research Ethics: China and the West

by Craig Klugman, Ph.D

When I was a graduate student, I was fortunate to be one of five students chosen by the China Medical Board to attend an international bioethics conference between the U.S. and China in Beijing. We listened to talks on the philosophical bases of ethics in each country and culture. The U.S. laid its philosophical history on the doorsteps of the ancient Greek traditions such as Plato and Aristotle as well as later European thinkers such as Kant, Mill, and Bentham. The Chinese delegates talked of Confucius and Lao Tzu. We toured a hospital and a medical school.…

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A Doctor Lied & Patients Suffered

by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

When I was graduating from college, I had a friend who was diagnosed with cancer. At least, that’s what she told her friends. She would ask to crash on a living room couch because she was scared to be alone, or ask for a ride home from work because she felt too weak to complete her full shift. Some things, however, did not add up. We were not allowed to tell her parents. She said she was getting chemo but had no side effects at all. Some people became suspicious about whether she was sick and drifted away from caring.…

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This entry was posted in Featured Posts, Health Regulation & Law and tagged , . Posted by Craig Klugman. Bookmark the permalink.


In California, Vaccination is the Law

by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

This week, California governor Jerry Brown signed Senate Bill 277. This law mandates vaccinations for all children who attend a school (public or private) in the state. The only exemption is when a physician certifies that a vaccine “is not considered safe for the child.” The big change in this new law is the removal of the “personal belief” exemption from vaccination. No longer can a religious or philosophical belief exempt a child from receiving an immunization.

California has been at ground zero for conversations about vaccination. Earlier this year, the Disneyland park in Anaheim, California was the center of a massive national measles outbreak among unvaccinated children.…

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Can An Advance Directive Ever Justify Cessation of Eating in an Alzheimer’s Patient?

by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

Margot Bentley did what end-of-life care advocates say we should all do—she completed an advance directive. She wrote hers in 1991 when she was working as a nurse and stated that she did not resuscitation, surgery, respiratory support, or nutrition and hydration.

Today she is at the center of a legal battle in Canada. At age 83, she has suffered from Alzheimer’s disease for the last 16 years. She is non-responsive. Her family wants to follow her wishes by stopping feeding and taking her home to die comfortably. The long-term care facility where she resides said no and put an order in her chart to call police if the family tried to remove her.…

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MERS: Another Lesson in Quarantine and Health Disparity

by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

At the G7 meeting this week, the developed nations which compose the Group of 7 pledged to “wipe out Ebola.” With over 11,000 Ebola-related deaths worldwide since March 2014, this certainly is worth public health efforts and funding.

While the “world leaders” focus on Ebola, which of course made small incursions in to the U.S. and Europe, a new epidemic lurks on the horizon—MERS. Middle East Respiratory Syndrome was first reported in September 2012 in Saudi Arabia. It can infect anyone of any age and its method of transmission is not well understood. The primary methods appears to be animal to human.…

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This entry was posted in Featured Posts, Health Care, Health Disparities, Public Health and tagged , . Posted by Craig Klugman. Bookmark the permalink.


Quantified Self: Your Life in Data

by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

How much did you sleep last night? How many calories did you burn? How many steps did you walk? What was your average resting heart rate? How many calories did you consume? What was your blood oxygen level? If you were a part of the “Quantified Self” movement, then you would have all of these numbers logged on your wearable, your mobile, your phone, your tablet, and your laptop.

The Quantified Self movement is an attempt to use technology to keep track of all physiological aspects of a person’s life. The goal is to quantify yourself by taking biometric measurements so that you can track your health.…

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“Should I feel badly that I acted unethically?”

Ms. Barnard is a business woman who has opened a medical clinic across the street from an existing facility. She suspects that the Other Clinic is “playing unfairly” by not having a physician on site. Since a physician costs a lot of money to employ, the Other Clinic could be undercutting the competition if this were true as well as violating their state license. Ms. Barnard asks her employee, Roger, to visit Other Clinic posing as a patient and seeing if indeed there was a physician present. Roger made an appointment for a check up for a fictional trip: He asked for anti-malaria medications for travel to sub-Saharan Africa.…

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Dare to Fail

by Craig M. Klugman


  1. The fact of becoming exhausted or running short, giving way under trial, breaking down in health, declining in strength or activity, etc.
  2. The act of failing to effect one’s purpose; want of success; an instance of this. (Oxford English Dictionary 2015, entry 67663)

There is not enough failure in our modern world. I am not talking about the kind of failure that comes from not trying or being neglectful, but rather the failure that comes from working hard to achieve a goal and not making the mark.

If one does not fail, then one has not tried to excel.…

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