Hot Topics: Public Health

Blog Posts (133)

October 17, 2016

Ethically Sound Episode 6: New Directions

The Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues bioethics_twitter-v3-08(Bioethics Commission) has released the sixth episode, "New Directions", in its new podcast series Ethically Sound. This podcast series is dedicated to bringing the Bioethics Commission’s body of work to a broad audience. The Bioethics Commission, established in 2009 by President Bara ck Obama, has produced 10 reports, each of which focuses on key ethical considerations surrounding a particular topic. Today’s episode is based on the Bioethics Commission’s first report, New Directions: The Ethics of Synthetic Biology and Emerging Technologies.
October 10, 2016

Ethically Sound Episode 5: Gray Matters

The fifth episode of the Bioethics Commission’s podcast series Ethically Sound, “Gray Matters,” is now available. The Bioethics Commission has released 10 reports on a variety of ethically challenging topics. Ethical issues in neuroscience were the focus of the reports Gray Matters: Integrative Approaches for Neuroscience, Ethics, and Society (Volume 1), and Gray Matters: Topics at the Intersection of Neuroscience, Ethics, and Society (Volume 2).
October 5, 2016

Right to Try is A Snake Oil Sale to “Dismantle the FDA”

by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

Right to Try laws have been getting a lot of press lately with California being the 32nd state to pass such a statute.…

October 4, 2016

Ethical Implications of Victim Blaming in Cases of Police Brutality

STUDENT VOICES  By Emily Jenab, M.A. Another black man has been shot and, subsequently, another case of character assassination post-death has begun.  Alfred Okwera Olango, 38, was killed as he pulled out “a three inch long vape” and allegedly pointed … Continue reading
September 30, 2016

Ethics & Society Newsfeed: September 30, 2016

Technology and Ethics Tech Giants Team Up To Tackle The Ethics Of Artificial Intelligence The Partnership on Artificial Intelligence to Benefit People and Society, consisting of Amazon, Facebook, Google, Microsoft and IBM (with Apple in talks to join), weighs in on the … Continue reading
September 28, 2016

Exploring Democratic Deliberation

This post will focus on Col. Michael’s discussion of democratic deliberation, which the Commission recommends in its report.
September 14, 2016

Pregnancy, stigma, and moral responsibility in the Zika epidemic

by Kelly McBride Folkers, BS

Pregnancy comes with great moral responsibility from mother to future child. A healthy pregnancy requires that pregnant women abstain from certain behaviors, like eating unpasteurized foods and drinking excessive amounts of alcohol.…

September 14, 2016

Fordham’s Dr. Elizabeth Yuko Address Ethics of Web Self-Diagnoses

Millions of people use websites like WebMD every day to gain insight on a range of medical issues from cancer to mental health. This practice, or “cyberchondria,” is a new digital phenomenon that has resulted from online databases of free, … Continue reading
September 13, 2016

FDA Moves On Postponing Post-Antibiotic World

by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

This month, the Food & Drug Administration (FDA) issued a final ruling that certain 19 chemicals used in making “antibacterial soaps and body washes” should be removed from those products.…

August 17, 2016

Weeding Out the Truth: DEA’s New Stance on Marijuana Largely the Same as the Old

by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

According to the Department of Justice, marijuana offenses account for 12.5% of all people in federal prisons for drug offenses.…

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Published Articles (41)

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 16 Issue 11 - Nov 2016

Diagnosis by Documentary: Professional Responsibilities in Informal Encounters Alistair Wardrope & Markus Reuber

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 16 Issue 10 - Oct 2016

War Metaphors in Health Care: What Are They Good For? Kayhan Parsi

AJOB Primary Research: Volume 7 Issue 3 - Jul 2016

Ethical challenges in designing and implementing health systems research: Experiences from the field Adnan Hyder & Carleigh Krubiner

AJOB Primary Research: Volume 7 Issue 3 - Jul 2016

Promoting equity through health systems research in low- and middle-income countries: Practices of researchers Bridget Pratt, Katharine A. Allen & Adnan A. Hyder

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 16 Issue 7 - Jul 2016

Withdrawing Versus Withholding Freedoms: Nudging and the Case of Tobacco Control Andreas T. Schmidt

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 16 Issue 7 - Jul 2016

Reducing Tobacco Use Through Withdrawal Policies: When Should We Ban the Use of a Harmful Product? Kayhan Parsi

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 16 Issue 4 - Apr 2016

An Ethical Exploration of Barriers to Research on Controlled Drugs Michael H. Andreae, Evelyn Rhodes, Tyler Bourgoise, George M. Carter, Robert S. White, Debbie Indyk, Henry Sacks & Rosamond Rhodes

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 15 Issue 4 - Apr 2015

Caring for the Suffering: Meeting the Ebola Crisis Responsibly Philip M. Rosoff

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 15 Issue 4 - Apr 2015

Ideology and Microbiology: Ebola, Science, and Deliberative Democracy Joseph J. Fins

American Journal of Bioethics: Volume 15 Issue 3 - Mar 2015

Mandatory Cancer Risk Warnings on Alcoholic Beverages: What Are the Ethical Issues? Jennie Louise, Jaklin Eliott, Ian Olver & Annette Braunack-Ma

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News (613)

October 21, 2016 8:00 am

The dangers of euthanasia-on-demand (Chicago Tribune)

If the Dutch Cabinet gets what it wants, citizens who feel they have a “completed life” soon will be able to request public support for help in ending their lives. It is a frightening precedent that other nations ought not follow, and a policy the Dutch ought to reject.

October 14, 2016 4:47 pm

Doctors Significantly Better Than Google, According To New Research (Huffington Post)

Doctors are much better than symptom-checker programs at reaching a correct diagnosis, though the humans are not perfect and might benefit from using algorithms to supplement their skills, a small study suggests.

October 10, 2016 8:00 am

This Scientist Is Trying To Unravel What Sugar Does To The Brain (NPR)

Most of us have been tempted at one time or another by the lure of sugar. Think of all the cakes and cookies you consume between Thanksgiving and Christmastime!

October 5, 2016 8:00 am

How We Got Here: Treating Addiction In 28 Days (NPR)

Louis Casanova is playing cards with a friend on the back deck of a recovery house in Philadelphia’s northern suburbs.

September 29, 2016 8:00 am

Depression, daily stressors and inflammatory responses to high-fat meals: when stress overrides healthier food choices (Nature)

Depression, stress and diet can all alter inflammation. This double-blind, randomized crossover study addressed the impact of daily stressors and a history of major depressive disorder (MDD) on inflammatory responses to high-fat meals. During two separate 9.5 h admissions, 58 healthy women (38 breast cancer survivors and 20 demographically similar controls), mean age 53.1 years, received either a high saturated fat meal or a high oleic sunflower oil meal. The Daily Inventory of Stressful Events assessed prior day stressors and the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV evaluated MDD. As expected, for a woman with no prior day stressors, C-reactive protein (CRP), serum amyloid A (SAA), intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1) were higher following the saturated fat meal than the high oleic sunflower oil meal after controlling for pre-meal measures, age, trunk fat and physical activity. But if a woman had prior day stressors, these meal-related differences disappeared—because the stressors heightened CRP, SAA, sICAM-1 and sVCAM-1 responses to the sunflower oil meal, making it look more like the responses to the saturated fat meal. In addition, women with an MDD history had higher post-meal blood pressure responses than those without a similar history. These data show how recent stressors and an MDD history can reverberate through metabolic alterations, promoting inflammatory and atherogenic responses.

September 26, 2016 5:48 pm

Too Poor for Proper Plumbing: A Reality in 500,000 U.S. Homes (NY Times)

TYLER, Ala. — The hard clay soil in this rural Southern county has twice cursed Dorothy Rudolph. It is good for growing cotton and cucumbers, the crops she worked as a child and hated. And it is bad for burying things — in particular, septic tanks.

September 23, 2016 8:00 am

Researchers Confront an Epidemic of Loneliness (NY Times)

The woman on the other end of the phone spoke lightheartedly of spring and of her 81st birthday the previous week. “Who did you celebrate with, Beryl?” asked Alison, whose job was to offer a kind ear. “No one, I…” And with that, Beryl’s cheer turned to despair.

September 21, 2016 8:00 am

Study: Opioid use down in states with medical marijuana (The Olympian)

States that allow medical marijuana to be used to treat pain show a decline in the use of opioids, according to a new study.  The study, published in the American Journal of Public Health, examined 69,000 traffic fatalities in 18 states from 1999 to 2013, focusing on differences between states that legalized medical marijuana and those that had not.

September 6, 2016 8:00 am

FDA Orders Antibacterials Removed From Consumer Soaps (NBC)

Say goodbye to those “antibacterial” soaps. The Food and Drug Administration says they do little or nothing to make soap work any better and said the industry has failed to prove they’re safe.

September 2, 2016 8:00 am

Zika outbreaks most likely to hit eight countries in Asia, Africa (Washington Post)

The worsening Zika outbreak in Singapore and its potential to spread elsewhere in Asia and beyond is rapidly raising alarms among health experts. Singapore has at least 151 confirmed cases, authorities reported Thursday, with two involving two pregnant women. Neighboring Malaysiaalso confirmed that a 58-year-old woman who recently visited her Zika-infected daughter in Singapore had been diagnosed with the disease.

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