Hot Topics: Technology
by Arnold R. Eiser, MD MACP
Our healthcare system is failing our most senior citizens by assuming they want and need to receive maximal technological intervention despite modest or minimal benefit to them and the increasing of substantial discomfort to them.…Full Article
by Joyeeta G Dastidar, MD
In New York City, the epicenter of the COVID-19 pandemic in the country with a quarter of the nation’s cases, hospitals prepared for ventilator shortages.
by Alex Dubov, Ph.D. and Steven Shoptaw, Ph.D.
As the world grapples with COVID-19, experts are calling for better identification and isolation of new cases.…
This essay received an honourable mention in the undergraduate category. Written by University of Oxford student, Angelo Ryu. Introduction The scope of modern administration is vast. We expect the state to perform an ever-increasing number of tasks, including the provision of services and the regulation of economic activity. This requires the state to make […]Full Article
by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.
One of the most powerful tools that epidemiologists have for containing an outbreak is contact tracing—finding out all of the people with whom an infected person has had contact during the period when they were potentially shedding the virus.…Full Article
This essay was the winning entry in the undergraduate category of the 6th Annual Oxford Uehiro Prize in Practical Ethics. Written by University of Oxford student, Eric Sheng. In the computer game Red Dead Redemption 2 (henceforward, RDR2), players control a character in a virtual world. Among the characters represented by computer graphics but not […]Full Article
by Simon Coghlan, Ph.D. and Kobi Leins, Ph.D.
… Full Article
They’re neither a traditional robot nor a known species of animal.
“Exploring ethical issues in TV medical dramas”
by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.
The Good Doctor (Season 3; Episode 11): Anesthesia and addiction; the limits of compassion; The Resident (Season 3; Episode 12): Dying (or not) on your own terms; Suing patients for medical debt; Chicago Med (Season 5; Episode 11): Quid pro quo—switched embryos, safe injection sites; surrogate withdrawal of life support
Carrie is a patient who arrives with a complicated leg fracture after falling while mountain biking.…Full Article
by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.
This week Las Vegas hosted the 2020 Consumer Electronics Show (CES) where tech companies can show off the devices they hope we will all be buying soon.…Full Article
Artificial Intelligence in Service of Human Needs: Pragmatic First Steps Toward an Ethics for Semi-Autonomous Agents
Superethics Instead of Superintelligence: Know Thyself, and Apply Science Accordingly
Sorry I Didn’t Hear You.” The Ethics of Voice Computing and AI in High Risk Mental Health Populations
Deep Fakes and Memory Malleability: False Memories in the Service of Fake News
Artificial Intelligence in Clinical Neuroscience: Methodological and Ethical Challenges
Patenting Foundational Technologies: Recent Developments in the CRISPR Patent Struggle
When Thinking is Doing: Responsibility for BCI-Mediated Action
Some government agencies that use the software said they were surprised that Google may pick up the locations of certain app users. Others said they had unsuccessfully pushed Google to make a change.Full Article
Since February of last year, tens of thousands of patients hospitalized at one of Minnesota’s largest health systems have had their discharge planning decisions informed with help from an artificial intelligence model. But few if any of those patients has any idea about the AI involved in their care.Full Article
MIT has apologized for, and taken offline, a dataset which trains AI models with misogynistic and racist tendencies.Full Article
Hospitals and clinics are running into thorny challenges and making weighty judgment calls as they try to weave a medical algorithm with momentous implications for end-of-life care into the fabric of a clinical team’s already complex and frenetic workflow.Full Article
The patients of Mayo Clinic, whether they know it or not, have seeded a burgeoning digital health industry with their personal data. Details about their care, from disease diagnoses to digital tracings of their heartbeats, have been provided to companies for training artificial intelligence systems to detect dangerous arrhythmias, pregnancy complications, and deterioration in the hospital.Full Article
Location-tracking companies were under fire from privacy advocates, but now officials are using them to monitor populations as the economy reopens.Full Article
The company said it hoped the moratorium “might give Congress enough time to put in place appropriate rules” for the technology.
The death of George Floyd at the hands of police, and the consequent protests across the country, have lain bare the discriminatory profiling and brutality that many underrepresented groups faced long before Covid-19. It is reasonable to fear that information gathered from disease-tracking technologies could be misused to target and harm the same vulnerable groups.Full Article
The artificial intelligence model showed great promise in predicting which patients treated in U.S. Veterans Affairs hospitals would experience a sudden decline in kidney function. But it also came with a crucial caveat: Women represented only about 6% of the patients whose data were used to train the algorithm, and it performed worse when tested on women.Full Article